Civil Rights Movements and Ethnic Groups in California

Document Type:Model Answer /Exam Revision

Subject Area:History

Document 1

An ethnic group is that group of people that share a common origin, background, and even same language. As a result of the civil right movement and other social turmoil that took place in the country, many ethnic groups were largely affected. The ethnic groups also had impacts on the civil rights movements. Such movements were the Vietnam War, National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP), Chicano movement among many others who fought for their equality of their rights. The ethnic groups include the: Hispanic, the white, Asian, the blacks and the American Indians and Alaska Natives. The many Hispanic was as a result of immigration of the Hispanic to California from Mexico and large family sizes. Therefore, between 1950 and 1960, both the ethnic groups and the civil rights movements impacted each other in different ways. To start with, the African American played such a great impact on the civil rights movements. They were the initiators of the movements. Civil rights movements were born in California by the African American after the end of the World War II in 1960. They fought for equality and fairness as well as the abolishment of discrimination as from the whites. There was no equality in areas such as education, employment, and housing opportunities. The movements started in the South and entered California. When it reached the Bay Area, all ethnic groups supported it and converged as they fought for their rights. This was the beginning of much hardships and struggles. Some of the civil rights movements included the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) which was formed in 1909.

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They fought for their rights greatly. The leaders of such movements organized many protests in order to get proper housing, proper education and also employment. They are the ones who reported the segregation on the Southern Pacific Railroad. Congress of Racial Equality (CORE) was yet another movement (slides). Since nothing comes easy, some of the protestors and the organizers suffered greatly. Poole, one of the protestors was dragged out of his office. The African Americans commonly known as the Negroes were attacked in Alabama still, and 67 lost their lives as they protested against discrimination. Housing was a major problem among the minority. The whites lived in areas different from the Negroes. When the first African American was hired to work in a hotel, the employers failed to sign the agreement leading to the demonstration of the African Americans.

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During protest around 200 people were arrested (slides). Among those arrested was the Chairman of CORE, Bill Bradley. He was ordered to pay a fine worth $500 or rather a jail term of five days. Schools were also another source of discrimination where the blacks attended different schools from the whites. Around 2 million people died, 3 million succumbed painful injuries, and those left orphaned were around hundreds of thousands. The country was left in ruins (slides). This was as a result of the bomb exploded by the U. S air forces. In the South also, the U. The African Americans were only 38% out of the arrested individuals. The ethnic groups affected the civil movements to a large extent. After the African American obtained freedom, the Asian Americans in return decided to fight for their rights also.

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They were now in full control of the movements. They dictated what they would do. In return, the ethnic groups impacted the civil rights movements. They worked so hard to ensure they used the movements to attain their freedom. The organizers governed in their favor to ensure the people's rights were protected. So, this brings out the effects that both the ethnic groups and the civil rights movements had on each other. Work cited Cherny, Robert W, Gretchen Lemke-Santangelo, and del C.

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