Should there be a Legal for profit Capitalist market in Human Kidneys
Statistics indicate that only one in every four candidates can access it every year. It means that the other people have to be sustained by dialysis until it’s their turn. Others develop complications and pass on while still waiting. The case would be different if more Americans signed organ donation cards; if families gave consent to donate their loved one’s organs; if the medical personnel approached their potential donors more often. The purchase and sale of human organs are illegal in the world which led to the creation of the black market to sustain the demand. Therefore, based on this two perspectives, the second one may be applicable in this case as the larger picture, which is the impact that the legalization of the for-profit capital market would bring about.
More people would be saved, and despite their being those that benefit from the action, it will still have a great impact on the community and the health field at large. Organs would be available for anyone to have access to due to the increase in the number of people that donate and also, additionally, poor people would also benefit from this transactions. Looking at the altruism, it is a positive concept that would work to the benefit of the masses at large as it puts forth a positive approach towards the solving of the problem. It is not only organs that are looked at keenly from the perspective of an altruist. On the other hand, the Kantian Universalists ideologies may also be used in this scenario, for example, in this instance, the moral universalism of the legalization of this acts ought to be looked at in order to determine whether it is worth following and based on the perspective of the approach, it may be considered as being moral as it will help in saving of lives (Saenz 263-277) Currently, the demand for kidneys is beyond the available supply.
For instance, there are 40,000 patients on the kidney waiting list for a kidney transplant; However, only 1 out of 4 patients will receive the organ. It is an indication that most of the patients will die before they get the transplant. A study carried out in 2001inidcated that 15 patients pass on every day in the united states while they wait for an organ transplant. Medical practitioners also indicate also indicated that organ transplant from living donors is preferable over those belonging to deceased people (“Chapter 7”). It has been noted that the legal market will help in increasing the supply of the organ. Legitimizing the ethical and regulatory concerns, the commercial scheme must be set up in a way that it safeguards the involved parties form exploitation and be concerned about the vulnerable.
It must also account justice and equity considerations. The system should also be made up of one purchaser who could be a government agency and should define the penalties to prevent abuse. Some arguments are in favor of the law and regulations for the human kidney trade. Therefore, the legalization of the trade is rather a creation of an illusion of an ethical choice within an unethical context (“Chapter 7”). Other people have argued that the legalization while enhancing the discrimination between the rich and the poor because the opportunity for those who can’t afford to purchase the kidneys will be eliminated. Underneath all that, there is a possibility that the poor as well the rich patients will benefit from the legalized system of kidney purchase because, for every successful kidney transplant, valuable hours will be spared for the dialysis machine.
It has also been indicated that it is patronizing for to assume that the individual donors cannot make a reasonable decision on whether to sell their kidneys. Some opponents of the legalized organ selling would also deprive the donors’ psychological benefits they accrue as voluntary donors. Based on the ethical issue, the black market indicates that the buying and selling of organs will carry on despite the illegality of the issues. Therefore, it would be a better idea to regulate the practice with the donors being compensated fairly and the corrupt nature of the black market will be removed. In conclusion, the critical problem is that the demand for human kidneys is greater than the existing supply. It has resulted in a black market in which poor people are desperate enough to give up their kidneys and other organs at a lower price than the actual market value.
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