Social Groups and Formal Organizations
Members cooperate and they have a close face to face contact. A secondary group is a large scale society having members of different interest. It is characterized by; less physical contacts among members due to size leading to indirect communication. Apparently, membership is voluntary and they are large in size. In-groups are small groups of people who have similar interest (Sumner G. 2 Summarize the characteristics of bureaucracies, their dysfunctions, and goal displacement; also contrast ideal and real bureaucracy Bureaucracies have a clear hierarchy with set formal rules to guide members (Gouldner, 1954). Members have specialized and labor is divided equally among members. Various dysfunctions of bureaucracies include; lack of communication among members of the same organization. Bureaucracy alienation is where members start to feel like objects rather than people.
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