Epidemiology Case Study

Document Type:Case Study

Subject Area:Health Care

Document 1

Epidemiological Coccidioidomycosis is commonly transmitted through the inhalation of C posadalii and C immitis (O’brien et al. It mostly occurs in epidemic regions, and it mostly happens in summer. Also, people who travel to epidemic areas are at high risk of getting the disease. This disease may not be clinically evident for a while. In most cases, signs of diseases in the field of epidemiology occur within the first three weeks after a person inhales fungal spores. The second and the most common approach of analyzing Coccidioidomycosis entails an indirect ecological study. This research involves the use of reported Coccidioidomycosis cases. This approach does not majorly focus on the spatial distribution of the fungus-plant. It mainly focuses on the determination of environmental patterns in the epidemic areas that have high incidences of Coccidioidomycosis.

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The research involves the use of statistical modeling in predicting future outbreaks and concentrates mostly on the use of climatic factors as the research's independent variable. Therefore, the data added to BRFSS would be used to exemplify the whole population Analytic and Descriptive Epidemiological Concepts Analytic and descriptive epidemiology are the main examples of the of research designs applied in the field of epidemiology to describe the distribution of disease prevalence and incidences, for studying disease exposure association and identifying strategies for disease prevention (O’brien et al, 2017). Descriptive Epidemiology Concepts All the concepts of descriptive epidemiology are regarded as invalid if they do not describe the 5W's of descriptive epidemiology where, when, who, why and what. Who represents the health issue of concern, who the person, where the place, when time while why or who represents causes of the issue, its associated risk factors and the modes of transmission (Saran et al.

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Epidemiologists endeavor for the same comprehensiveness to characterize an epidemic concept. In most cases, descriptive epidemiology concepts mostly cover place, time and person. Theoretically, this entails researching on the disease amongst a variety of groups of animals within the entire population, differentiated by factors of interest. Data Systems used for Information Gathering on Coccidioidomycosis Research In this case, several methods can be used to gather information regarding the spread of coccidioidomycosis. Such methods include environmental monitoring, notifications, surveys, and registries. Such data methods can be characterized further according to the approach that they use to gather information. Depending on the situation, these methods can be used to get information on coccidioidomycosis research. Steps of Developing Outbreak Response Plan Regardless of the disease, the process of developing an outbreak response plan is the same.

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This process involves eight basic steps. Establish the Presence of the Outbreak The first step in developing an outbreak plan response is comparing the current information with the already existing one to investigate whether the available number of cases is more than the expected. This step compares the available information about the current cases with a predetermined outbreak definition. Confirming Diagnosis In this step, clinical history of the cases are analyzed, and standard tests carried out to reject or confirm the alleged diagnosis to determine the agents that are associated with the diseases such as viral, bacterial and others (Saran et al.  Modern infectious disease epidemiology. CRC Press. Londero, A. T. , & Wanke, B. R. , Hammitt, L. L. , Howie, S. R. , Albertus, P.

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