Poverty and Injustice in Canada
Subject Area:Social Work
It has worked with countries like Africa, Latin America and Asia so as to eradicate poverty. They managed to develop a “10-Point Agenda for the Global Action to End Poverty and Injustice” which reflects their determination in ending global injustice and poverty (Carniol, 2005, p. Currently, it has united about 100 Canadian CSOs who work towards altering international systems policies that degrade our planet, cause inequality as well as poverty. In this paper, my main focus will be on movement approaches like Charity Organization society, settlement and Elizabethan Poor Law. I will start by discussing each of them, focusing on the important aspects and examples in each. In 1889, Germany was the first country to adopt a national public pension program and fully controlled its country’s economy.
Despite Germany being advanced in public pensions, the British system on relieving the poor became most profound and led to development of social welfares in Canada. During the reign of Queen Elizabeth and Henry VIII in 1558 to 1603, English poor laws were established so as to reduce poverty. It was until 1601 that there was enactment of procedures, regulation and codification of rules (Carniol, 2005, p. The Elizabethan Poor law of 1601 mainly aimed at developing ways of dealing with the poor, as well as offering individual responsibilities in providence of relief. There was formation of non-profit organization like social clubs, sporting and professional groups (Parks Canada, 2009). There was no need for these organizations to be registered under the Canada Customs and Revenue Agency (CCRA) since they could offer charitable receipts.
Formation of the organization impacted Canada positively since the job opportunities were created; there was rapid economic growth and improvement of health care and health education. The Income Tax Act is a good example since it determined the government level, oversaw the economic policies affecting economic growth and provided employment to the poor (Parks Canada, 2009). Settlement Movement The St. The act made it compulsory for towns (parishes) to levy a certain amount of the property held by jurisdiction they had to the poor. The poor were to be granted public responsibility using a compulsory taxation (Slack, 1998, p. Through this, there was providence of tax-financed relief and outdoor relief was not limited in terms of age or poverty. Children from poor families received apprenticeship hence some were farmers, whereas some worked in construction sites.
There was also adjustment of the poor laws to resolve differences in the regional economic cultures and conditions (Slack, 1998, p. In outdoor system, the movement ensured that enough houses were constructed and would be enough for the old. They also employed individuals who would take care of the old, for instance, washing them, cooking and providing medical support in some cases. In the indoor approach, it ensured that young people, especially those from poor families acquired job opportunities. Through this, they were able to acquire enough funds to take care of their old parents (Guest, 1997, p. Deep analysis as to how the knowledge acquired has assisted in acquiring current human service delivery models The three approaches tend to assist one in meeting human needs, especially the poor.
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