Race and Correction System in America

Document Type:Thesis

Subject Area:Criminology

Document 1

The racial and ethical disparities backgrounds in America form the basis of treatment to individuals either by the criminal justice system or by the citizens. Therefore, the lawmaking process focuses on the elimination and at least reduction of the effects of the racially based judgment no matter the human race. For instance, almost one person per three arrested for drug-related cases are African American through the law integrity demand upholding to avoid oppressing the blacks. The drug law in America is very fair in its approach to handling the drug-related cases although, the application in most cases tend to oppress the African Americans since they are minorities. In the correction facilities, the racial disparities start from the jails before they get into the state prisons where the long-sentenced convicts are. The racial inequality entry point into the correction systems spring is in the prisons through the actions of the police, civilians, prosecutor and the judges. Correction facilities differences in race replicate and advance in the state prisons. The acts that prove that racial inconsistency exists mainly focus on research from previous incidents. For example, the African American arrested mostly on drug-related cases bearing in mind that the whites also sell and abuse drug though they are not stopped. Moreover, the fact that low-level offenses have more arrest cases on the Blacks unlike the white though that does not mean that Whites are saints. Furthermore, the researchers state that more Blacks detained in the jail awaiting trial while the White is less or not in prison due to low-level offenses.

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Nevertheless, the discrepancy extends to the judges in the courtroom where the African American have sentences due to the petty crimes unlike the White and other races a clear manifestation of the racial inequality in the correction system. Besides, the Hispanic also experiences such mistreatments due to their color thus long jail detention trail time and more possibility of long sentences. The Blacks and the Hispanic undergo prolonged parole and probation, unlike the White defendants. The lengthy supervision of the minor human races forces the individuals to commit technical mistakes due to frustration from lack of freedom. Moreover, the extended supervision agitates the integration of inmates released from state prisons. The disadvantage to the minor races and the community is that the freed persons find their integration process with the community restricted by the management of their resourcefulness and freedom leading to re-incarceration.

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The other reason that leads to minor races people taking majority portion of the correction facilities is the fact that fines and fees to be paid tend to be out of capability of the Hispanic and the African American. Therefore, the lawmaking process deemed to take such consideration to avoid the jailing of unable people without the ability to pay fines imposed on them. Also, the unconscious bias by personnel involved in the criminal justice system forces people of the minor races into jails and prison without the personnel’s knowledge of racial abuse. The police stopping of the civilians also from the research data reveals that they the Blacks and the Hispanic are stopped unlike the Whites thus the police thinking demands counseling. The other issue is leading to more cases of racial and ethnic inconsistency results from poor pretrial utilization.

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The claims that involve low-risk defendants would be wise to release them since no public safety is at risk. Meanwhile, the high-risk defendant's jail detention and imprisoned for long periods with the public safety first thought in mind followed by long supervision periods after release from prison. However, the low-risk defendants or inmates supervision period be short to allow easy integration into the community rather than disintegrate from the community. The law revision rendered a crucial aspect in the abolishment of the racial and ethnic incongruence in the correction facilities in the United States of America. The implication of the racial and ethnic incongruence navigate to be political, social and more severe economic. The increase in the number of prisoners in the correction facilities naturally increases the budget allocation thus taking up the needed increments to critical sectors like health and infrastructure.

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Furthermore, the politicians advocating for constitutional amendments like in California to mitigate the missing funds in the higher education due to budget growth in the correction facilities resulting from large numbers of prisoners. Although the incarceration perceived as a way to purge the crime levels in the country, the effects seem to be worse than the petty crimes. The strategy aimed at forming a constructive and form basis for the legitimacy of the criminal justice system in the local and the state level. The evaluation of the performance of the commission be done on a yearly basis to access success and any demands to be attended to. The redesigning of the drug law to be more focused on the reformation of the imprisoned individuals rather than lifelong sentences. The investments in the education for the poverty faced society and allow the students to at least finish the form four level.

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The factor aimed at reducing the number of youth out in the street to the dragged into crime due to lack of employment. Retrieved 15 April 2018, from https://www. quora. com/How-many-human-races-are-in-the-world.

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