Race and Correction System in America

Document Type:Thesis

Subject Area:Criminology

Document 1

The racial and ethical disparities backgrounds in America form the basis of treatment to individuals either by the criminal justice system or by the citizens. Therefore, the lawmaking process focuses on the elimination and at least reduction of the effects of the racially based judgment no matter the human race. For instance, almost one person per three arrested for drug-related cases are African American through the law integrity demand upholding to avoid oppressing the blacks. The drug law in America is very fair in its approach to handling the drug-related cases although, the application in most cases tend to oppress the African Americans since they are minorities. In the correction facilities, the racial disparities start from the jails before they get into the state prisons where the long-sentenced convicts are.

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Moreover, the extended supervision agitates the integration of inmates released from state prisons. The disadvantage to the minor races and the community is that the freed persons find their integration process with the community restricted by the management of their resourcefulness and freedom leading to re-incarceration. The other reason that leads to minor races people taking majority portion of the correction facilities is the fact that fines and fees to be paid tend to be out of capability of the Hispanic and the African American. Therefore, the lawmaking process deemed to take such consideration to avoid the jailing of unable people without the ability to pay fines imposed on them. Also, the unconscious bias by personnel involved in the criminal justice system forces people of the minor races into jails and prison without the personnel’s knowledge of racial abuse.

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The police stopping of the civilians also from the research data reveals that they the Blacks and the Hispanic are stopped unlike the Whites thus the police thinking demands counseling. The other issue is leading to more cases of racial and ethnic inconsistency results from poor pretrial utilization. The claims that involve low-risk defendants would be wise to release them since no public safety is at risk. Meanwhile, the high-risk defendant's jail detention and imprisoned for long periods with the public safety first thought in mind followed by long supervision periods after release from prison. However, the low-risk defendants or inmates supervision period be short to allow easy integration into the community rather than disintegrate from the community. The law revision rendered a crucial aspect in the abolishment of the racial and ethnic incongruence in the correction facilities in the United States of America.

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The implication of the racial and ethnic incongruence navigate to be political, social and more severe economic. The increase in the number of prisoners in the correction facilities naturally increases the budget allocation thus taking up the needed increments to critical sectors like health and infrastructure. Furthermore, the politicians advocating for constitutional amendments like in California to mitigate the missing funds in the higher education due to budget growth in the correction facilities resulting from large numbers of prisoners. Although the incarceration perceived as a way to purge the crime levels in the country, the effects seem to be worse than the petty crimes. The strategy aimed at forming a constructive and form basis for the legitimacy of the criminal justice system in the local and the state level.

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