Case Study Application of Social Work Theory

Document Type:Essay

Subject Area:Social Work

Document 1

William’s father Horold, is short and killed living Wilma struggling with the three kids. As a result of all these issues, W8illiam becomes a victim of depression and gets hospitalized in two instances for treatment. Lack of one permanent guardian is another challenge that William had to struggle with. At times the children live at home with the mother, at times the grandmother and on other occasions, with the mother’s little sister who brought lots of joy William’s childhood. The mother gets in an unstable second marriage leading William and the siblings end up in a home where creaming and hitting was the order of the day. In school, he has been recognized as a failure and the teachers have already given up on him.

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William feels humiliated to an extent that dropping out of school is, in fact, a relief. His ego identity has changed because of the adverse experiences as a student. According to Erikson, a sense of competence acts as an incentive to certain behaviors and actions (Marcia, 2016). William has been through various negative experiences and as a result, he did not want the children to have similar encounters. Mistrust and it takes place between birth and one year. It is one of the essential stages of a person’s life. At this stage, the development is derived from the dependability and quality of care received from guardians. This is because a newborn is completely dependent. In case infants are productively able to develop trust, they will feel secure and safe to face the world.

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William cannot control his drug intake and the only way to manage the condition is to by regulating the amount of money in his pocket such that he was comfortable working under harsh supervisors, low pay and unstable conditions. This shows that there were some issues at this stage. The third stage is Initiative vs. Guilt whereby children start asserting authority and control over the world when it comes to organizing play and other social activities. Succeeding in this stage means that a child will have the capacity to lead others. The fifth stage is Industry vs. Confusion where adolescents are discovering their liberty and developing a feeling of self (Marcia, 2016). Teenagers who are given appropriate motivation and encouragement by individual exploration turn out to have a strong feeling about themselves, independent and control (Jessor, 2017).

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If an adolescent stays uncertain about their belief tend to be insecure and confounded regarding the future. William does not seem to have undergone this stage appropriately considering the fact that he had different guardians to guide him. Intervention Parents can be educated about appropriate parenting skills and talk about fears about intimacy to tackle problems that may arise in the Trust vs. Mistrust stage. Both parents should be involved in the life a child. It is also important to support communication and expression. Regarding the autonomy vs. Parents should learn about active listening and compassionate comprehension skills, encourage the teenagers to participate socially and help them agree to the realism of growing up. In the Intimacy vs. Isolation, healthy social interaction skills should be instilled and counseling would be essential to help handle sorrow and depression.

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