Comparison between Western and Eastern Europe

Document Type:Essay

Subject Area:Anthropology

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While some of the Western Europe countries include countries like: Belgium, Finland, Denmark, Germany, France, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, United Kingdom, Netherlands, Norway, Sweden, Portugal, Spain and Switzerland. This paper will try to compare one state in Eastern Europe that is Hungary and one in the Western Europe that is France. Comparison between France and Hungary France is one of the countries in Western Europe and consist of metropolitan territory and group of overseas islands. The metropolitan part is usually referred to as “Hexagon” because it resembles the hexagon shape. Three sides out of its six sided hexagon are surrounded by water. France is considered as the largest nation in West Europe with approximately total area of 547,030 square kilometers. France borders the following countries Belgium and Luxembourg on the northeast side, on the eastern side France borders Germany, Switzerland and Italy and France borders Spain and Andorra on the Southwest. The total length of the France coastline is approximately 3,427 kilometers. France capital is Paris and they celebrate July 14 which is referred as Bastille Day that is its Independence Day as a national holiday. Other public holidays observed in France include: 1st January to mark the New Year Day, Easter Monday (a varying date either can be March or April), Ascension Day (This is always Thursday, 40 days after Easter), 8th May (this is marked as World War II Victory Day), August 15(Assumption), 1st November (marked as All Saints’ Day), 11th November (marked as Armistice Day) and 25th December (marked as Christmas Day). Hungary is one of the countries in Eastern Europe which comprises of 19 regions called counties and a capital.

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Hungary borders Croatia, Romania, Austria, Serbia and Montenegro, Ukraine, Slovenia and Slovakia. Hungary is a landlocked country meaning it has no coastline. Hungary total area is approximated to be 93,030 Square Kilometers and its capital city is known as Budapest. Local Historical and Cultural specifics of France and Hungary Historical Specifics Before the current modern population it is believed the hominid population moved to France at around 30,000 and 10,000 years ago as there was evidence left of their presence in the caves in form of art which are estimated to be between those years. Sometime after 600 B. C the traders from Greek and Phoenicia were operating along the coast of French Mediterranean as the Celts occupied the place named by Romans as Gaul, this is after they moved from the Rhine valley. Then the Romans who were under the leadership of Julius Caesar conquered some Gaul region, which remained their part until its Empire broke into smaller settlements when they were invaded by Franks at around 5th Century A.

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D. At 8th Century under the leadership of Charlemagne who was a Frankish King the territories were consolidated back to form the Holy Roman Emperor. These ideas of revolution in France proved to have more influence in the world for nations that wanted to have such movements. However France later went back to dictatorial rule at around 19th Century under Napoleon Bonaparte which suffered a defeat at around 1815 when he tried to extend his rule to most of Europe region. At around 1870 when the France-Prussian war came to an end it also marked the end of Napoléon III rule and there was the birth of the third Republic which lasted until 1940 when France was defeated by Germany. Throughout all these changes in political scenes France continued to be among the world powerhouses.

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France. In the 20th Century the monarchy between Austro and Hungary collapsed and the revolutionist communists held power for some few months and as a result of defeat in the World War I there was collapse of empires and establishment of independent new states. Cultural Specifics When most people hear of France and its Culture they always associate it with its capital Paris which is the center of many things like Fashion, architecture and many others but life is always different in other parts of the region. The French Culture was greatly affected by the surrounding tribes like the Celtics, the German tribes the Franks and the others. The official language in France is French and it’s the first language for a greater percentage of the population and it’s also ranked as the most popular and that widely studied as the foreign language across the globe.

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There are other languages which make minor percentage like the German, Arabic and Flemish Catalan, Breton and Occitan dialects. The teenagers in urban regions likes partying during their free time but this is different in rural areas which are quieter as compared to the urban regions. In Hungary lunch is always taken between 12 and 2 PM and it’s always the main meal while dinner is always a small meal. In Western and Eastern region there is real cultural separation as there are different cultural practices in these regions. You will find that the cultural practices in Eastern is totally different in many ways as there are different ethnic groups living in these different regions, therefore it is not only regional difference but there is also clear cut cultural difference. Bibliographies "Aspects of Culture - Hungary".

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uk/0t4/crcees/files/summerschool/readings/school10/reading_list/hungarian_history_short. pdf. Commission, European. Country Profile – HUNGARY".  European Commission 1 (1): 1,3,4. COUNTRY PROFILE: FRANCE".  Library Of Congress 1 (1): 1,2,5. loc. gov/rr/frd/cs/profiles/France-new. pdf Science, Live. html. Venault, Antoine. Introduction To France And French Culture".  Cycu 1 (1): 42,45,47. cycu.

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