Epidemiology Trend Analysis

Document Type:Case Study

Subject Area:Health Care

Document 1

The target of the study entails an examination of sex-specific trends in cerebrovascular illness in Europe. The period of interest is 1980 to 2016. The research also involves an evaluation of the subtypes of the subarachnoid hemorrhage, hemorrhagic stroke, and ischemic stroke (Shah, et al. The reporting of the data regarding the mortality rate begins with an overview of the population size as well as the total number of strokes and deaths by sex in the most recent year which is 2016. The article highlights that the number of deaths from strokes was higher in women than men for 50 out of the 51 countries that provided data. The figures indicated that the mortality rate of cerebrovascular disease, in general, had reduced. This trend was seen in 34 of the European countries.

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The region that experienced the highest decrease in mortality rate was Western Europe indicating 96% females and 91% males. The next investigation was the identification of evidence for plateaus and inflection points. The article suggests that there is an upcoming plateau in the trends of mortality. The report was obtained from the World Health Organization global database of mortality per individual country. The timeliness of the data is evident in the fact that it has been used in analyzing deaths due to CVD within Europe inclusive of stroke and other reasons for mortality rates around Europe. The very same data has been useful to individuals examining mortality rates on a global scale (Shah, et al. The reason for an increase in the mortality rates in some countries is because there is a prevalence of the factors that significantly contribute to the occurrence of the disease.

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