Essay on human cloning
Human cloning has the potential to contribute towards the treatment of many developmental diseases and defects requiring aesthetic and regenerative medicine (Savulescu, 2006, Pg87-95). Cells created through cloning are essential in helping research on the causes of various disease s. However, regardless of this beneficial aspect of human cloning, this act is an attack on natural laws for the life reproduction which could potentially impact on evolution diversities (Savulescu, 2006, Pg87-95). Human cloning poses a potential to human existence and violates human ethics that form the basis of human existence which necessitates the need to stop human cloning. Potential Health Risks Human cloning is a new technology which has not been yet understood. In other researches, cloned sheep, mice and cows have died before or shortly after birth which is an indication that cloning poses a health risk.
According to DR Jean Paul, these observations may be accurate in the reproductive cloning of human beings. The calf had a rapid depletion of red and white blood cells which caused severe anaemia and died in its 7th week (Savulescu, 2006, Pg87-95). Interestingly, the scientist who was behind the first cloning of the Dolly sheep, Ian Wilmut is passionately against the plans by the Italian and Us fertility specialist Severino Antinori and Panos Zavos plan to clone humans terming it as cruel to both mother and the children born. Dr. According to a human end in itself, anything to do with human must be to his knowledge, respect for freedom, help his happiness and have the respect of autonomy. Thus, according to Kant, human cloning disrespect humanity and uses humans as a mere means for other purposes.
For example, cloning humans to reproduce or replicate a large group of people such as military, a genius in science, children of the desired genotype go against this principle since the purpose is not the humanity of the produce human but developing a society that meets the needs of other human is the goal (Ayala, 2015, Pg. Proponents of human cloning argue that therapeutic cloning has great medical potential, particularly in transplantation medicine. However, therapeutic cloning involves the transfer of the nucleus of a patient’s cell to donor oocyte with the generation of an embryo as the purpose (Bostrom, 2008, Pg. One of the issues surrounding human cloning is lack of individual consent (Ayala, 2015, Pg. To ethically clone, the cloned product, in this case, an individual must give consent regarding being satisfied with the operation and agree to the creation of another product through unnatural ways.
Unfortunately, cloning, the cloned product does not exist during the procedure and by the one is born, the process is completed (Ayala, 2015, Pg. To counter this argument, the proponents of human cloning will argue that even in natural ways, the new-born plays no role in the creation. However, regardless of this, cloning result into an abnormal child with many related physical damages and hidden unknown mental risks which cannot be justified. Moreover, in the contemporary world, ethics is a very fundamental topic, and any scientific research that is unethical has no place in the modern world. Although human cloning presents some advantages to humans the health and moral implications of this process cannot be overlooked. Destruction of human embryos which could have resulted in the birth of a child to clone and make another child makes no sense is evidence that most of the cloning is just for curiosity purposes.
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