Essay on human cloning

Document Type:Essay

Subject Area:Engineering

Document 1

Human cloning has the potential to contribute towards the treatment of many developmental diseases and defects requiring aesthetic and regenerative medicine (Savulescu, 2006, Pg87-95). Cells created through cloning are essential in helping research on the causes of various disease s. However, regardless of this beneficial aspect of human cloning, this act is an attack on natural laws for the life reproduction which could potentially impact on evolution diversities (Savulescu, 2006, Pg87-95). Human cloning poses a potential to human existence and violates human ethics that form the basis of human existence which necessitates the need to stop human cloning. Potential Health Risks Human cloning is a new technology which has not been yet understood. As a result, the operation and the process of cloning have caused damages and losses through internal damages (Julian, 2006, Pg87-95). The method of cloning has the potential to cause genetic problems and complications in the long-term, and the more cloned people are introducing into the human population, the high the risk of extinction. Human bodies consist of about one million four hundred thousand nucleotides which are the origin of human generational survival and the decrease of genetic variation of individuals in the society through cloning highly increases the probability of death by a particular pathogen and virus. Moreover, like any other unnatural methods in medicine cloning may lead to harmful side effects for an individual (Savulescu, 2006, Pg87-95). Research has shown that there is the possible migration of stem cell may lead to humans experiencing neurological complications as stem cells migrate to the inappropriate regions of the brain in fetal ventral mesencephalic (FVM).

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In other researches, cloned sheep, mice and cows have died before or shortly after birth which is an indication that cloning poses a health risk. According to DR Jean Paul, these observations may be accurate in the reproductive cloning of human beings. The calf had a rapid depletion of red and white blood cells which caused severe anaemia and died in its 7th week (Savulescu, 2006, Pg87-95). Interestingly, the scientist who was behind the first cloning of the Dolly sheep, Ian Wilmut is passionately against the plans by the Italian and Us fertility specialist Severino Antinori and Panos Zavos plan to clone humans terming it as cruel to both mother and the children born. Dr. According to a human end in itself, anything to do with human must be to his knowledge, respect for freedom, help his happiness and have the respect of autonomy.

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Thus, according to Kant, human cloning disrespect humanity and uses humans as a mere means for other purposes. For example, cloning humans to reproduce or replicate a large group of people such as military, a genius in science, children of the desired genotype go against this principle since the purpose is not the humanity of the produce human but developing a society that meets the needs of other human is the goal (Ayala, 2015, Pg. Proponents of human cloning argue that therapeutic cloning has great medical potential, particularly in transplantation medicine. However, therapeutic cloning involves the transfer of the nucleus of a patient’s cell to donor oocyte with the generation of an embryo as the purpose (Bostrom, 2008, Pg. One of the issues surrounding human cloning is lack of individual consent (Ayala, 2015, Pg.

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To ethically clone, the cloned product, in this case, an individual must give consent regarding being satisfied with the operation and agree to the creation of another product through unnatural ways. Unfortunately, cloning, the cloned product does not exist during the procedure and by the one is born, the process is completed (Ayala, 2015, Pg. To counter this argument, the proponents of human cloning will argue that even in natural ways, the new-born plays no role in the creation. However, regardless of this, cloning result into an abnormal child with many related physical damages and hidden unknown mental risks which cannot be justified. Moreover, in the contemporary world, ethics is a very fundamental topic, and any scientific research that is unethical has no place in the modern world. Although human cloning presents some advantages to humans the health and moral implications of this process cannot be overlooked.

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Destruction of human embryos which could have resulted in the birth of a child to clone and make another child makes no sense is evidence that most of the cloning is just for curiosity purposes. Therapeutic cloning offers an excellent opportunity treating, but regardless, medicine is a sensitive area that upholds and is guided by ethical practice. In this regards, treating diseases using unethical procedures makes the practice unethical and cannot be justified. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 112, no. Nabavizadeh, Seyedeh Leila, Davood Mehrabani, Zabihallah Vahedi, and Farzad Manafi. Cloning: A Review on Bioethics, Legal, Jurisprudence and Regenerative Issues in Iran. World journal of plastic surgery 5, no. Savulescu, Julian.

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