Essay on Population Density
Population growth in a particular area depends on the birth rate, death rate, migration and factors that directly affect human pollution. There are some factors that affect population density of a place, which includes physical and social factors. The population density of a place can be densely distributed or sparsely distributed depending on the number of people. Population density varies from one state to another in the USA; New Jersey is ranked to have the highest population density of 470 per kilometer squire in the year 2015 (Wee, 2016) Factors affecting population density The world population is spread based on different factors; food, wealth, medical care, water supply, social-economic and political factors. The reason behind the uneven distribution of the population is physical and human factors (Bowen & Pallister, 2004, p.
Transport infrastructure also influences population density significantly. Availability of excellent and reliable transportation networks attracts high population growth of geographic areas. The population growth is directly proportional to the quality and development of transport; good transport attracts high population. For example, in India, the northern plain has excellent and high-quality transport facilities resulting in dense population. On the other hand, the peninsular plateau is considered to be moderately populated due to its moderate transport facilities. Some of the programs initiated and implemented by the government can mess and require people to be removed and settle in other areas. For example, when the government is intending to build large dams or construct road networks, this will cause the areas which are initially inhabited to be sparsely populated.
Some other examples include; national parks and forest reserves which are under the powers and government authorities. Such areas can be prohibited for any form of settlement; thus it stays typically as densely populated. Social factors Excellent communication links attract the high population of a specific area. Developing transport infrastructure in mountainous regions is also difficult as good infrastructure encourages settlement of people. Natural calamities limit people to settle in a given place. Natural disasters such as earth quacks, floods, and drought, affect population density in areas (Schulz, 2009, p. Research by Red Cross show natural calamities such as earth quacks in the city of Kobe; Japan affected the population of people and hence sparse population density ("Human settlements and natural disasters," 2015).
Some places in America that were affected by hurricane still have low population. Fertile soil supports high population density, some places in India, northern plains where the soil is enriched annually by river floods such as river Indus. This area experiences high yield of crops, which in turn supports high population growth. Places with unproductive soil is characterized population due to poor soil type Vegetation also affects the influence of number of people settling in a place. The area with high vegetation coverage, as Amazon forest has lowest population density. Settling in this place is difficult as one have to clear vegetation for settlement. As-level geography: the revision guide, Coordination Group Publ. Guinness, P. The new wider world coursemate for AQA A GCSE Geography.
Cheltenham: Nelson Thornes. Human settlements and natural disasters. L. Population densities and deforestation in the Brazilian Amazon: New insights on the current human settlement patterns. Applied Geography, 76, 163-172. doi:10. j. worldatlas. com/articles/most-densely-populated-u-s-states. html.
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