Major causes of conflict between palestine and israel

Document Type:Essay

Subject Area:Politics

Document 1

Boundaries are the regions where one country ends, and the other begins and the question whether two sovereignty countries should exist in a world of no borders is a big part of this conflict ((Machover 65). Both sides deem that they possess the God-given entitlement to the region and both claim privileges based on the covenant between God and Abraham. The two antagonists were on one occasion part of the similar organization of people who occupied the Promised Territory (Cohen-Hattab 69). Despite the multiplicity of the causes of this conflict, it is inarguable that religious and secular issues of national domination and land were the primary causes of this conflict. Thus, it is the purpose of this paper to provide a well-supported analysis on the origins of Israel-Palestine strife with a keen interest in the religious and secular causes. It is true that Palestinians are mostly Muslims and Israelis are Christians; however, religion is pretty minor in the list of the direct causes of this conflict. The conflict is a clash between nationalities (Palestinian and Israeli) over secular issues of nationhood and secular matters (Frieden 5). Historically, the individuals responsible for the mass migration of the Jewish to modern-day Israel were secular Jews. This movement of the late 1800s and early 1900 was known as Zionism where Jews were treated as nationality like Chinese and French in addition to the religious organization (Frieden 5). According to the Zionist, Judaism is a nationality and religion thus Jews deserved their independent state in their ancestral homeland (Lesch 11). The ideology brought the Jews back to Israel and also at the hub of the Palestinians and Arabs in relation to the Israel state.

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Jews draw their nationhood earlier in the biblical realms of Solomon and David approximately 950 BC. This nationhood presented a breeding ground for the modern Zionism which began in 19th century with the aim of fulfilling the long enduring dream of returning to Zion. The movement inspired Jews to relocate to the land God had given them based on the biblical accounts. Disputes over who had the right to use the land followed and Great Britain, which was controlling the Palestinian land, permitted the Jews to emigrate with little regard to the Palestinian population in the region. The decision of Great Britain is the cause of the Israel state. Consequently, the region experienced violent and hostile riots from the Arab population residing in the area which united the Palestinians to form Palestinian armed movements.

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On the other hand, the early Palestinian armed movements were exclusively secular (Beauchamp 8). These groups were not Islamic extremists but Palestinian nationalists just like the Irish republican army. Also, some earliest Palestinian groups were communist, and they entered into wars to protect their sovereignty and not on the grounds of jihadist and ideology (Beauchamp 8). As an outcome, the Palestinian contended that economic settlements were not evenly and equitably dispersed among the communities residing in the Palestine region and the new population was operating in the manner that endangered the wellbeing and destabilized the economic rights of the Arab workers and merchants. Also, the Palestinians opposed the Zionist policy because the policy dispossessed tenant farmers of the land they had been farming and other laws such as Hebrew labor denied jobs opportunities to the local Palestinians during difficult economic periods (Machover 65).

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Besides, the allocation of resources contributed to the perpetration of the conflict. Through various means including the shift of the elites from Palestinians to the Jews, resources become scarce to the Palestinians (Gill 7). With the help of Zionism, the Jews united and controlled the fundamental sectors of the economy cutting off the Palestinians from their influence in the region. In contradiction, the Israeli administration disputes the claim and indicates that it is responsible for defending its citizens regardless of their location (Beauchamp 6). As an outcome, the two sides struggle to protect their perspectives. Occupation of Gaza is another viable cause of the Israel-Palestine conflict. In 1967, Israel annexed Gaza and West Bank after defeating the Arab states in the Six-Day War (Gill 9). The acquired territory did not come under the civil authority of Israel.

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In the Palestinians perspective, Jerusalem has a strong evocative and emotional relationship with all Muslims in the world. Muslims consider Jerusalem as the third-sacred city behind the city of Mecca and that of Medina located Saudi Arabia (Hasson 150). The town derives its religious significance from being the initial Qibla, the first direction to which Prophet Muhammad and the early Muslim organizations turned their faces in prayer (Hasson 149). Also, Jerusalem derives its prominence from its connection with Prophet Muhammad’s miraculous nocturnal journey to the town and later his ascension to heaven (Hasson 149). Thus, Jerusalem will remain the source and symbol for Muslim indoctrination, resentment, mobilization, agitation, and struggle. Despite the claims that religious issues especially the controversy over the rightful owner of the sacred and promised city of Jerusalem caused the Israel-Palestine conflict, secular matters such as land ownership and nationalism escalated the conflict between these communities.

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Jews and Palestinians had to confront perception about the Zionism ideology because Israel believed that the movement was leading them to their promised land, while the Palestinians viewed the move as a threat to their territories and sovereignty. As an outcome, Palestinians deciding to oppose Jews migration though it was belated because the majority of the Jews had settled in the region and Great Britain (the then ruler) recognized them as the rightful owners of Jerusalem. This decision tensioned the relationship between the two communities. Apart from Jerusalem and Zionism, the Israelis and Palestinians have been fighting to control other territories such as Gaza, and West Bank hence triggering the conflict between these societies. A hidden question.  Ha'shiloah (1907): 193. Frieden, Jeffry A. The root causes of enduring conflict: Can Israel and Palestine co-exist?.

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Gill, Natasha.

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