Modern Slavery in Russia and Policies in Place
As such, slave labor is increasing due to economic growth and development. Illegal importation of slave labor into Russia by criminal syndicate operates from virtual invulnerability by government interventions. This research explores and analyzes the implication of slavery modern slavery in Russia respective to potential human rights and labor jeopardy. The paper establishes the human exploitation based on labor and examines labor laws, recruitment and opportunities that leaves vulnerable population to modern slavery. Furthermore, it examines human rights danger for companies recruiting in Russia. On the other hand, trafficking for slave labor in Russia is disproportionally extreme due to a significantly high number of immigrants vulnerably exposed to slave labor exploitation. Nevertheless, the Russian government has a considerable positive experience in combating and preventing modern slavery of human beings for companies’ labor.
Combatting slavery is depicted through adoption and establishment of ideal legislations and formation of corresponding structure within fundamental law enforcement bodies. Moreover elaboration of the process for efficient international and interdepartmental cooperation among agencies of law enforcement, NGOs and state authority aid in suppressing human slavery in Russia. History Modern slavery is not a new occurrence in the Russian population. Economic privatization and decentralization policies influenced downfall of several industrial firms leading to workers displacement all over the nation, for instance, the textile industry was adversely affected by the Yeltsin's policies in which it had high numbers of female workers rendering them jobless. Moreover, primary production in rural areas was negatively affected as collective state firms were shut down making women highly vulnerable.
The economic breakdown initiated by the breakdown of Soviet Union had intense negative implications making population vulnerable and ideal targets for human traffickers. Human traffickers also targeted homeless individuals and street children (Kollmann, 2017). As such, forced migration acted as a pull factor in the Soviet state made children and women vulnerable at risk for trafficking. Russian industries refute legislation on the right of workers and breach the existing policies. Company’s recruitment control Russian human traffickers took the advantage of political economic and social aspects that had made specific population vulnerable and susceptible to trafficking. The traffickers used devoid means to acquire their target, for instance, there was a mass advertisement for jobs with promised high wage, acted as employment agents and marriage agents.
Moreover, recruiters acted as agents offering transporting services to migrants for a small fee (Allain, 2015). Therefore, victims were trafficked internally and externally of the state voluntarily with the ideology of factual and legitimate employment. Nonetheless, notable advancement in combatting slavery and human trafficking emerged early in 2000. In 2001 the crucial advocates fighting against slavery in Russia were non-governmental and international organizations. Consequently, there was the signing of united nation convection establishing guidelines and protocol to not only prevent slavery but also punish torts of human trafficking (Kollmann, 2017). As such, the government became increasingly more entailed in legislating and adoption of anti-trafficking laws and policies. In the process of criminalization of slavery and adoption of policies to curb human trafficking, there was procedural law and arbitration in the process of drafting federal policies on eradicating human trafficking.
In addition, the federal lawsuits of magistrates and jurisdiction were indebted to record statistics of petitions under criminal code article 127. Secondly, coordination with proficient authorities of Germany, UK, Israel, and the US was expanded. The federal government of Russia introduced model draft agreement cooperation between the ministry of interior of Russia and ministry of internal affairs of a foreign nation which enforced coordination in prosecuting, suppression, prevention, and detection of crimes respective to slavery majorly women and children. Finally, expansion of coordination in a platform of the Commonwealth of an independent state (CIS) was enhanced. CIS adopted and established a program of the collaboration of member states to fight against human slavery. Enforcement The federal legislation widely conforms to accountabilities emerging from the protocol of Palermo.
International organizations reclamation arises due to: the federal state law does not avail specific framework accommodating vulnerable victims of a foreign nation which is in misalignment with article seven of the protocols. Also, more significantly, lack of programs specialized for prevention and protection of population vulnerable to modern slavery, which is compulsion under article nine of protocols. Despite the introduction of essential articles on slavery into the criminal legislation of Russia, multiple dozens of criminal groups and over two thousand individuals are perpetrators of the felony involved in human trafficking, use of slave labor, and recruiting Russian citizen for the tenacity of sexual exploitation within the state and abroad. However, with cooperation with proficient authorities from a foreign state, the activity of slavery was relatively minimized and suppressed.
Limited economic resources, inequality, and unemployment put certain groups including migrants at probable risks of labor exploitation and human trafficking. The government of Russia in conjunction with international bodies must work extremely to develop a significant relationship with the non-governmental organization in the country. Hence, a healthy improvement with regard to government coordination and cooperation with other smaller bodies will empower other agencies in creating awareness and fostering anti-trafficking policies. Both international organization and non-governmental organizations are putting extreme efforts despite legal limitation and financial constraints they encounter in Russia. Human rights awareness, public awareness programs, reintegration, and rehabilitation endeavor to address the requirements of human trafficking and slaves. Russian state government should create diverse anti-trafficking outline through enacting integrated human trafficking laws and ensure appropriate prosecution of human trafficking crimes.
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