Risk of Climate Change

Document Type:Thesis

Subject Area:Tourism

Document 1

WTO has claimed that figure of global tourism rose by two percent in the year 2007, and has projected that the international tourist number will touch the 1. billion mark by 2020 (Weaver, 2011). What is important to put into consideration is the extent to which potential tourist might tour the Caribbean and how climate change would impact the figure. It is evidently clear that climate is a considerable facilitator in the tourism industry. Various studies which evaluate climate information show that the world climate is undergoing change. For instance, standard world temperature has gone high by about 0. degrees centigrade in the last century period. Overly, the increasing air temperature rate in the Caribbean sub-region has gone overboard the global mean according to Mimura (2007). This report focuses on determining climate change impact in the Caribbean and most specifically in the Bahamas using climate (through precipitation and temperature), tourists’ arrival and additional economic data. The main objective is to project the climate change economic impact on tourism income in relation to various climate change scenarios. This study key objective is to propose adaptation and mitigation approaches for the tourism sector in the Bahamas. The relevance of the topic to the Bahamas The Bahamas is at a more vulnerability and greater risk provided its geographical properties as a low-lying see surrounded country. In case the estimated seal level is attained by the year 2050, between ten to twelve percent of the land will be lost. This will be more practical in coastal areas where the major assets of tourism are located.

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The exposure might as well be manifested in case of taxes for carbon emission are developed in the key source markets which represent an economic threat to the industry of tourism for the highlands. Climate change impact on major tourism demand variables will result in some losses to the income of the nation and revenues for the government. It can happen hand in hand with certain tourism trends and assets local threats in future international tourism demand. Another significant threat is tropical cyclones that might be related to the sea level. Projections posited loss extent in excess of two thousand four hundred million U. S. The cooperation is important even for the initial steps. That is to carry out researches with a bottom-out approach to develop more concise adaptation and mitigation programs.

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It is significant for the sector (tourism) to record potential losses in attractions of tourist (and act appropriately) associated to corresponding biodiversity losses, coastal erosion and water resources (Elsasser, & Bürki, 2002). Also, a climate change impact assessment can counter impacts of climate change may enhance security standards of the highland, living standards and safeguard heritage and cultural assets. Definitely, such elements might shape the future of the nation’s competitiveness as a destination for tourists. Changes in climate can result in direct or direct impacts of such destinations whose desire is to maintain their appeals to travelers for the flourishing of the sector. Every tourist destination internationally has its individual appeal. It comes from the activities each country or its nature has to offer to the tourists. It is critical for a country to be able to retain its charm to keep the industry on toes.

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Areas that are damaged or ones that become access lose their credibility making travelers to opt for another place. There will be no more reason to visit the Philippines if the seal life and coral reef will be devastated. Another country that would be highly affected by the change in climate is the Maldives. The country has endangered coral reefs just like the Philippines. Divers who go t Maldives particularly for its coral would lose interest in the region. This is similar to any other diving areas all over the world. The fresh waters bodies are also becoming brackish due to the sea water encouragement. Coastal erosion and flooding will extremely affect the tourism sector as it is relative depending on the beauty of the coastal regions. Hotels and resorts might be highly damaged income strong storm surges strike.

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It is therefore important for the highland and others to adapt to the changing climate to reduce their vulnerabilities. Winter Activities Threat: Snows Cover Reduction Increase in coral bleaching and the rising sea levels pose a threat to tropical islands. In the alternative, tourists will be attracted to cool destinations as a relief from the warming of the regions which are already warm. People will look out for more cold places such as Australia and North America (Becken, et. al. German and British tourists, who are seen as being the largest international tourists population might choose to stay back at home since the weather there will be considerably warmer. The end result of this will decrease in international tourism revenues. Disease outbreak In warmer climates, there are diseases that tend to thrive.

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Several of them get carried or spread to other nations where they did not exist due to people’s and goods movement. For instance, malaria-carrying mosquito or dengue-carrying mosquito does not thrive in season and places that are cold. They mostly habit in tropical areas such as Southeast Asia and Africa Elsasser, & Bürki, 2002). The suitable atmosphere for them can be formed through the global warming. Among the seven hundred and thirty-five billion dollars that were derived from global tourism, almost thirty-three percent of the monies went to developing nations that are proud of extensive coral reefs or awesome beaches. Severe changes in climate, translate into a high loss of income for the emerging economies. Benchmarks & trends identified and discussed To safeguard their economy both in the present and for the future, some vulnerable countries have developed mechanisms to overcome the challenge.

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Even if many of those countries differ in terms of the size of the population, climate risks exposure, economic profiles, and geography, many of the mitigation and adaptations priorities are common among them (Becken, et. al. Many have an interest in improving hydro-meteorological institutions for climate projections and forecasts and enhancing early warning and calamity risk control mechanisms. Climate Change Effects on Health For better management of impacts on health care, some of the countries are striving to raise health care awareness and improve the capability of the healthcare workers. Good examples of the countries that have been able to do this include some of the developed nations like Britain and England. Countries also have put endless efforts to decline water and vector-borne disorders incidences such as malaria and cholera that could be highly prevalent as the change in climate continue to happen.

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Local livelihood and fisheries Countries which are next to the Pacific Ocean in South Africa for example, consider fisheries which in general include aquaculture, marine and freshwater as key priority internationally (Becken, et. Some of the strategies that the Bahamas should put in place include; Workable adaptation approaches for tourism in the tiny islands such as the Bahamas and their barriers with suggestions on how to remove them Proposed measures Importance to the industry Hindrances to execution Methods to eradicate Hindrances Involve climate risk in regulations, codes for tourism Presently the risks are not included in tourism-associated rules Lack of awareness of which to base rules intensification Enhance data, like climate-risk profile for the industry Strengthening institutions Deficit in institutional ability to harmonize climate reactions across tourism- related industries Lack of lucidity as according to institutional intensification needed to enhance tourism sustainability Evaluate options and put into practice the most suitable plans Raising awareness/education The requirement to encourage and marshal tourism workers as well as tourists Lack of awareness and capital that anchor behavioral transformation Embark on awareness /education curriculum Provision of shade and diversification of crop Supplementary shade increases the comfort of tourist Lack of education of increasing crops and people’s heat stress Pinpoint, examine and put into practice ways to decrease heat stress Decrease tourism coral pressures Reefs are a main tourists’ attraction Dropping pressures without the demeaning experience of the vacationer Advance waste control for off-island tourism Reduce tourism pressures on other ocean resources Improved productivity of sea resources improve the well-being of tourism- reliant societies Unsustainable practices of harvesting and lack of enforcement of rules and laws Reinforce community-founded control of marine Resources, including issues which are land-based.

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‘Soft’ coastal protection Coastal erosion is increasingly posing a risk to key tourism assets. Absence of plausible alternatives that Are already established and approved Exhibition of safeguarding communities and Tourism destinations Mitigation approaches The following measures can be used as mitigation measures in Bahamas Island to address the GHG tourism emission 1. Focusing on the conservation of energy or reducing its consumption. Through changes in behaviors of transports, (for instance, consumption of more public transport, using shifting coach and rail rather than aircraft or cars, opting for less distant places) and by changing control mechanisms, like employing video conferencing for tourism business meetings. It is essential for farther conduction of more research and investigation for mitigation and adaption strategies and the cost of executing such plan in the Caribbean region. Through the establishment of adaptation and mitigation approaches and the formulation of correct policies, tourism industry can play a major responsibility in addressing change in climate and attracting sustainable development in the field.

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References Elsasser, H. Bürki, R. Climate change as a threat to tourism in the Alps. Climate change and international tourism: a simulation study. Global environmental change, 15(3), 253-266. Becken, S. How tourists and tourism experts perceive climate change and carbon-offsetting schemes. Journal of Sustainable Tourism, 12(4), 332-345.

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