Age impact depth on processing effects of memory
The results show that age has a significant impact on memory. In conclusion there are many risk factors to depth memory processing and more research should be carried out on what age is memory affected by age (Mei et al. II. Introduction During growth and development various changes occur in the human body. At early stages of growth the memory of a normal human is set to be good and as growth and development continues the changes cause’s effects on the memory. What can be done to avoid memory problems? Rationale Age is considered as cause of variation in memory processing and some researches indicates that, memory issues start arising at the age of 20 when sexual maturity had been attained.
Further research should be carried out to determine why memory issues begin immediately after adolescent. Significance The significance of this research project is to find out at what age is it likely to start developing memory issues and the recommendation to prevent or treat such conditions. Decline memory capacity reduces the productivity of an individual in terms of creativity and reasoning. As a result the issues of factors that affect the processing and ability of the brains to store memories of past events , activities, names and any other things should be reviewed in order to ascertain better ways of improving the memory, or restoring it in case of extreme conditions. The study will assumes that the age group between 10-29 years comprises of the young people while the age group from 30-70+ years will be considered to represent the elderly people.
Each of the age groups will have equal number of females and males; two males and two females for each age group in order to avoid gender biasness which is could be a probable risk factor in memory analysis. The number (n) of the participants will assist in appropriate statistical analysis of the data and provide a good number to sample a community. The statistical importance of the number will be reviewed in the result analysis sections. Ethical issues in research This research project focuses to maintaining all the research ethics that ought to be observed in the course of the study and investigation. (ii) Rhyming This task will consist finding a word that rhymes with each of the listed words in turn.
Subjects will be instructed to say the rhyming word out loud. On completion of the pack of cards, subjects will have to go through the pack a second time, attempting to think of a different rhyme for each of the word. If time allows, subjects will have to go through the pack a third time, attempting to think of another different rhyme for each word. (iii) Adjective This task will involve finding a suitable modifying adjective for each of the listed words in turn. (d) Data analysis: IVs and DVs Data analysis will be based on the time the participants take to perform each of the tasks and the level of satisfaction according to the requirements of the specifications of each test.
The probability of making a wrong decision will be measured as follows: For the letter counting, the more the number of letters recorded and within a shorter time will be used to be an indication of acceptance of null hypothesis. On the rhyming test, if participants shout out rhymes within shorter times and provide more number of rhyming words in the set time, the number of words and time will be used as a measure for the memory in each of the age groups. In modifying the adjectives, the time taken to shout and think of more adjectives and number of adjectives will be used as a measure for this test. The mean and averages will be computed and used for statistical analysis of the data obtained.
2 to 9. 5 an indication that rhyming was being responded by the young age group better than letter counting. Adjective modification recorded a minimum of 11 and a maximum of 22 modifications of adjectives making it more responsive stimuli of the three tests. Adjective modification obtained a mean of 14. 80 with a 95% confidence interval for mean ranging from 12. The minimum number of counts recorded was 3 while the maximum was 11 making range of 5 for the young age group. In letter counting a mean of 7. 0 percent was obtained with a 95% confidence interval for mean ranging from 5. 69 to 8. In rhyming, a minimum of 3 counts and a maximum of 11 were recorded, with a mean of 6. 0 with a 95% confidence interval for mean ranging from 9. 32 to 14. 68 making the highest confidence interval of the various test carried out.
Comparison between the younger and older age group Letter counting Generally, letter counting proved to be more memory-challenging and therefore had the smallest values of mean as compared to means of other tests. The mean for letter counting in older age group (7. 8) as compared to the older age group (11). There was a significant difference or effect size in this test as compared to previous one thus making it more appropriate indicator of age impact on processing of memory. The 95% confidence interval for mean range of 5 (17. 3) as compared to the 95% confidence interval for mean range for older age group 3. Imagery test In imagery the mean for younger age group was higher (17. 80, and the minimum number of participants (n) participants for this test is 54.
Therefore the number of participants for this memory test is valid. According to the analysis on results obtained, the major findings are that the depth of memory processing declines with increase in complexity of matters. As people grow older they tend to lose their earlier memories faster than the youth. This is due to the changes that take place in the body. References Baddeley, A. D. The concept of working memory: A view of its current state and probable future development. In Exploring Working Memory (pp. Routledge. Cambridge University Press. Ingalhalikar, M. , Smith, A. , Parker, D. , Satterthwaite, T. Psychological science, 25(11), 2027-2037. Mei, Y. , Jiang, C. , Wan, Y. , Lv, J. Sage publications. Warne, R. T. A Primer on Multivariate Analysis of Variance (MANOVA) for Behavioral Scientists.
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