Analysis of british industrial revolution
Different approaches to the study are used, seeking to find the finest details that could be used to retell the phenomena to the contemporary society. Industrialization marked the start of powered machinery in huge factories in urban areas. This revolution made mass production possible. The iron and textile ventures, alongside the advancement of the steam engine, assumed focal tasks in the Industrial Revolution, which additionally facilitated enhanced frameworks of transportation, banking and communication. While industrialization achieved an expanded volume and assortment of manufactured merchandise and an enhanced way of life for a few, it additionally brought about frequently bleak business and living conditions for poor people and regular workers. The author tries to explain the reasons why Britain was most suitable for industrialisation; geography and trade operations were important incentives in the development of technologies in Britain.
Ideologies were also important in supporting the industrial revolution. Another study carried out by Robert C. Allen on the industrial revolution in Britain, India and France would be useful in this comparative analysis as it dwells on similar subject as the predecessor. The article addresses the subject of industrial revolution through the case study of the spinning jenny, a revolutionary machine that brought incredible achievements in the textile industry in Britain and other regions. Allen (903) argues that Britain made an environment conducive for development of technologies including the consolidated parliamentary ascendancy and security of property rights. Such technologies would help to make more profits which would offset the cost of making them. The studies will be used herein to substantiate the industrial revolution in Britain between the 1700 and 1800s.
Similarities The studies have a number of similarities including the subject matter. Joel Mokyr and Robert Allen are addressing the development of industrialisation in urban areas especially in Britain (Allen, 913). Moreover, they cover large amounts of information. The pieces of information from both indicate that Britain realised a substantial industrial development over the years while costs of production went since machines could do more work than human and help to cover some costs. For example, Allen (911) explains through the graph that England’s wage levels continued to rise as capital increased; a point whereby the country would hardly rely on labourers for production. Therefore, the country had to introduce machines to keep the cost production relatively low. On the other hand, the wage levels in France went down as capital investment increased over time (Allen, 911).
It is clear from the case that Britain became a leader in technological development and eventually in industrial revolution. On the other hand, Joel Mokyr brings together large quantities of data with regards to the general industrial revolution. Mokyr is convinced that other factors including skill sets among the British would entice investors to adopt the new technologies (Mokyr, 108). Conclusion Clearly, Britain’s industrial revolution was facilitated by more than just good laws, culture, and techniques; the invention of the spinning jenny was a major factor in Britain’s industrial revolution leadership. There were other crucial but rarely noticed factors including the geography of the country and immigrants among others. "Chapter 6: The Origins of Britain's Technological Leadership. " The Enlightened Economy: An Economic History of Britain 1700-1850, 1st ed.
From $10 to earn access
Only on Studyloop