Coffin of Ameny

Document Type:Research Paper

Subject Area:Arts

Document 1

It is bordered by deserts to the east and west. It is practically a river oasis. To the north, it is bordered by the Mediterranean Sea, whereas to the south it has the first cataract of River Nile at Aswan. The Egyptian kingdom is the most ancient dynasty known in Africa (Smith, and Hayes). Additionally, Egyptians have been known for their elegance and uniqueness in the field of art. They are also known to value funerary services. Some of the most mysterious and uniquely crafted coffin were made by the Egyptians (Smith, and Hayes). In the beginning of the mid fourth millennium, Egyptians crafted and decorated their coffins, especially those to be used in burying the royal family members ("Oxford Art").

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These coffins were crafted to describe their religious, cultural and social functions. The coffins were meant to display, transform and protect the corpse. The sketchy manner in which the inscriptions are placed symbolizes the detailed nature of the Egyptian culture. Additionally, the lid of the ameny uses a schematic style4. (Hamilton-Paterson, and Andrews). The Egyptians were known to collectively create a work of art. The lid indicates that the ameny was an ancient piece of art. The inside of the coffin has a realm of representation of the kind of person the deceased was. It contains tools that the deceased used on a regular basis. These tools and nourishments added are a sign that the deceased continues to live even when dead.

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The interior also contains a well labelled map believed to guide the deceased in their journey ("Oxford Art"). The main reasons why the Ameny was decorated on both the interior and the exterior, was because two kinds of viewers were targeted ("Oxford Art"). The interior of the coffin contains decorations and pictures that were believed to remind the mummy of the living including family members and the type of work they did while still alive. It also contains a map that is believed to guide the deceased on their ‘journey’ during the transformation phase (Kamal). The interior inscriptions also include a list of offerings and other magical spells. These were believed to bring items such as food, drinks and other luxuries into existence.

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Furthermore, the coffin of ameny acted as a link between two different worlds. Osiris is the sun god. Therefore, by inserting the deceased’s corpse into the ameny, Egyptians believed that they sent the body into the inside of goddess Nut (Smith, and Hayes). The ameny therefore symbolized a ‘womb’ in the body of Nut. The coffin of ameny plays a major role in passing down Egyptian historical significance from one generation to the next. It has det ailed information about the traditional beliefs and customs of the Egyptian people (Smith, and Hayes). Kamal, Ahmed Bey 1914. "Rapport sur les fouilles exécutées dans la zone comprise entre Déirout au nord et Déir-el-Ganadlah au sud. " In Annales du Service des Antiquités de l'Égypte, 14, pp.

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