Conflict between human beings and animals

Document Type:Research Paper

Subject Area:Zoology

Document 1

Therefore, the purpose of the essay is to identify the examples of such conflicts across the world since it is universal and provide solutions. Some of the most common conflicts that will be discussed include road kills, fragmentation and eating livestock. Road kills The increase in traffic has led to the move by governments to expand roads into protected areas. The need to ease traffic has led to the deaths of wild animals on a daily basis. In India, the road network has immensely affected nocturnal animals such as the civet, mouse deer, leopards, black-naped hare and the sambar. Human beings have fragmented the natural habitat of animals by building of roads, rural development, and agriculture, construction of hydroelectric reservoirs, urbanization and buildings as a measure of land conversion for their benefit.

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Fragmentation changes the environment in a quick manner that negatively affects the survival of animal species (Wintle and Bekessy). The process has led to the extinction of some species of animals. It changes the movement of declining populations in attempts to save themselves hence it is the leading cause of animal extinction. There has been destruction of rainforests which affect the habitat of wildlife for the purpose of human activities. They prey on them as they are easy targets. Humans, who find such predators on their livestock, end up shooting and killing them (McCarthy). The retaliation by humans entails killing of animals that are already endangered. In some states such as Norway, the Norwegian Government gave locals the licenses to kill wolves that preyed on their livestock such as sheep.

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The wolf (Canis lupus) was identified in 1973 as a protected species, and the move to grants license to kill them meant an end to the species. In Sweden, encounters with wolves and bears have been minimized through collaboration between the government and the locals. The states of those affected by wild animals should be compensated for the loss of their livestock as a measure to curb the human-wildlife conflict. Education of locals on how to handle or react to the presence of wild animals could help in gaining public support for the protection of such large carnivores (McCarthy). The game wardens and police officers could be given appropriate training to manage the human-leopard conflict as mention in the essay. Also, there could be a set of Do’s and Don’ts that would help in minimizing the emergence of conflicts between human beings and wildlife.

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Road kills could be tackled through the creation of boundary walls that inhibits wild animals from moving into highways. The use of corridors could also ease their movement on designated paths as opposed to crossing highways. The purpose of wildlife corridors entails roads that enable animals to cross human roads without getting hit by vehicles. The wildlife corridors have been applied in Canada and the United States. However, the cost of constructing such wildlife corridors is expensive, and most governments utilize bridges and roads abandon for human use. com. N. p. Web. Nov. natsci. colostate. edu. N. p. Web. Nov. McCarthy, Orion. Creative Ways to Reduce Human-Wildlife Conflict. Conserve. Nov.

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