Earthquake Preparedness Annotated Bibliography

Document Type:Essay

Subject Area:Media

Document 1

PREPARING FOR NATURAL DISASTERS: After years of relatively mild activity, natural disasters hit hard in 2017, as a devastating series of hurricanes, severe storms, wildfires, earthquakes and droughts caused $353 billion in economic losses and $134 billion in insured losses worldwide.  Risk Management, 65(5), 22-30. According to Charlesworth, Mazur and Marinelli (2018), the occurrence of natural disasters such as tsunami, earthquake and even weather-related catastrophes end up affecting the economy of the country under which they occur, in that losses are experienced in billions an example of the United States also given as at 2011 facing a 16 billion dollar disaster. This kind of damage according to Mazur is difficult to recover without permanent damage to an economy and so necessary measures have to be made to cater for the event of any natural disaster occurring in a country since in one year like 2017 the global loss occurred in hundreds of billions in only those registered cases and might be higher if all the data was available.

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In general Charlesworth, Mazur and Marinelli (2018) are trying to imply the need to be involved in trying to come up with techniques to manage the risks related to natural disasters in an economy. The individuals that experience this will eventually be affected psychologically and so the need to bring in specialists to be able to access the survivor's state and offer to counsel if necessary. In some cases, the victims just have to be relocated to temporary locations as a way to reduce the stress disorder. Hirokawa, N. , & Osaragi, T. Earthquake disaster simulation system: Integration of models for building collapse, road blockage, and fire spread. C. Operational earthquake forecasting can enhance earthquake preparedness. Jordan, Marzocchi, Michael & Gerstenberger claim that strong clustering exhibited in seismic sequences shows us that probabilities of the earthquake are not constant in time.

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They usually rise and fall over periods of days to years in a relationship with a seismic event. Therefore to be able to predict the probabilities of earthquake occurrences help people make informed decisions which the can uses in mitigating seismic risk and prepare for destructive earthquakes in time. , Paton, D. , Johnston, D. M. , Ronan, K. R. , & Rotimi, J. Stakeholders' practices: a challenge to earthquake risk mitigation decisions. International Journal of Strategic Property Management, 19(4), 395-408. The source focus on how other stakeholders like building owner play part in earthquake preparedness. The source explains that most of the proper owners are unwilling to adopt suitable risk mitigation measures in their building that are prone to earthquakes despite the availability of numerous technical design solution and enactment of intervening legislative frameworks required to facilitate earthquake preparedness.

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