Evaluation and Explanation of Falsification

Document Type:Essay

Subject Area:Philosophy

Document 1

And on the other hand, thinking in some way not because of the facts that exist but because of our minds, is philosophy. According to human beings science is considered the provider of knowledge to the world, in the sense that it answers questions of nature and other different phenomena's. Both science and philosophy have had a great relationship in trying to discover most of the things that exist in the world and the truths behind them. Karl Popper, a philosopher of science has as well explained this in detail. However, not all people explain why these specific assumptions exist or have the understanding of the whole idea of science and the results of the same as well. The scientist goes ahead and makes a hypothesis in which, the scientist further uses observation, scientific experiment and logic to find out whether his hypothesis or theory is true or false.

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After the scientist gets the test results of the theory or hypothesis, the scientist posts them and gives room for another scientist to review the results. During this period when other scientists are reviewing this, several factors are considered. Firstly, there is always that question of whether the scientist was in a sound mind when coming up with the hypothesis. Secondly, whether there could be facts and some form of reasoning that the scientist overlooked when or ignored when carrying out the scientific experiments. On the other hand, inductive reasoning is more than observation, in fact, it moves from relying on observations to come up and test a hypothesis to using the observation to establish a pattern that can create a theory or a hypothesis.

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For instance, when a scientist says that a specific swan flower is white, then that is an observation, but when a scientist says that all swan flowers are white then that is inductive reasoning. All swan flowers are white could be a theory until another swan flower of another color is seen. As a result, the observation that had been made that a specific swan flower is white did not imply that all swan flowers are white. The idea of falsifiability is that you never know until you try, and this just makes science better. Additionally, falsification helps define the difference between the non-scientific theories and ideas and scientifically accepted theories and ideas. The ability and possibility of being able to distinguish the difference between the two contribute to an improved way of philosophical thinking.

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According to falsification, for a theory to be considered as scientific it should have the possibility of conflicting with the expected observation (Witteloostuijin, 2015). On the other hand, if a theory is not falsifiable then it is not considered as scientific. Moreover, falsification presents the meaning of a theory, which has been a problem among most people leave alone the scientists, including students and the population at large as well. Additionally, falsification may stem from the situation or theory that is logical. Sometimes when observations and experiments are carried out and happen to come up with conflicting results of a theory, it could be that the evidence resulting from the falsification are the ones at fault or are flawed (Popper, 2016). Importantly, in this book Popper concludes that, falsification would result in flawed conclusions all the same.

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Furthermore, there are parts of science that cannot be falsified. Falsification is what explains what is scientific and what is not, however it is not fully reliable considering that some important parts of science cannot be falsified. This is as a result of most scientists being able to accept the challenge and work with this tenant. Additionally, most requirements behind any scientific process are that any hypothesis that is considered scientific, as well as the result theory, must be falsifiable. And as a result, falsification is and will remain to be a very useful tool for developing testable and very realistic theories now and in the future. References Fanelli, D. How Many Scientists Falsify and Fabricate Research?. 1st ed. New York: HarperCollines.

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