Should there be a legal for profit capitalist market in human kidneys

Document Type:Essay

Subject Area:Philosophy

Document 1

Recently cases of organ transplantation have greatly increased and have become a subject of discussion by many countries across the world. The common organs transplanted include kidneys, livers, hearts, intestines, and lungs. This paper seeks to explain the arguments for the legalization of the human kidney trade as well as address the views of those against the legalization (Greasley,pp52). The shortage of organs available to patients who are in dire need has prompted such problems. The numbers of individuals who need organ transplantation are very many compared to the number of organs available. According to their findings, approximately ten people lose their lives daily due to kidney failure in the United States of America. It was discovered that the patients affected are for the legalization of kidney transplantation.

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More than half of the country’s population who are unaffected supports the move to save lives so long as it’s done in a regulated market. This means that the seller has to be a consenting adult. This move will help decrease the number of deaths occurring daily around the world. Another factor is greed for money; this has led many poor people as well as the middle class to trade their kidneys for monetary gains. An addressing the issue of safety, there have been many proposals in a place to conduct pilot studies that will help in compensating the people that have donated their kidneys. Healthcare personnel should conduct researches geared towards establishing a safe procedure undertaken during the process of kidney transplantation.

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Research has indicated that screened donors have lived long lives compared to those people with two kidneys. For success to be achieved regarding safety, people need to use legitimate kidney markets. Those opposed to the free capitalist kidney trade say that there is a very high possibility of those who are financially capable of manipulating the poor. This practice can also encourage human trafficking and inhuman donations. The available evidence indicates that about five percent of the people that received the kidney organs in the year 2005 once engaged in donating their organs. Therefore recurring transplants are dangerous hence it is right to advocate against organ transplantation. Commercialization of kidney organs has resulted in criminal motives, for instance, the number of people being kidnapped has increased.

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The most targeted groups are the teenagers and children. Poverty is the main reason for the existence of the red market. Red markets are characterized by dangerous risks of organ selling being undertaken by individuals in unauthorized health facilities. Kidney transplants are the most common organ transplant happening globally more so in red markets. Some countries have made attempts to legalize the kidney transplant market. This is a measure made to restrict tourism transplant. Organs are only transplanted between the citizens of the country of Iran while healthcare personnel and the patients are not supposed to receive any payments or incur charges during the act respectively. The market transplant system in Iran is entirely charity and volunteer based. People are responsible for their choices and thus are the one to make decisions regarding whether or not to donate their kidneys.

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I ran been able to avoid kidney problems through the restriction of foreign organ trade. This support was regarding giving kidney transplant packages that were sold for about twenty-five thousand dollars. In March 2008, The Philippine government termed the trade illegal hence not allowed going on. This resulted in a quick decline (Taylor,pp320). Conclusion In conclusion, Implementation of laws and advancement in medicine has been fronted as the only two ways to decrease the cases of red markets. Kidney transplantation has been regarded the crucial issue that affects the whole. , 2014, “Imposing Options on People in Poverty”, Journal of Medical Ethics, 40: 145– 150 Malmqvist, E. , 2014, “Are bans on kidney sales unjustifiably paternalistic?”, Bioethics, 28: 110– 118. –––, 2015, “Kidney Sales and The Analogy with Dangerous Employment”, Health Care Analysis, 23: 107–121.

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