Genetically modified organisms Annotated Bibliography

Document Type:Annotated Bibliography

Subject Area:English

Document 1

Despite this, this artificial selection whereby organisms with certain desired characteristics are allowed to breed and give out an offspring with a mixture of desired traits have been limited to variations that are naturally occurring. In the recent past years, genetic engineering has been experiencing advancement and this has allowed for precise control of the genetic changes of an organism. Through the use of a genetic modification of organism genes, one is currently able to incorporate new genes from one species to a totally new species thus optimizing agricultural performance or in other the cases facilitating the production of a certain pharmaceutical substance. Some of the organism that is known to easily undergo genetic modification are plants, farm animals, and other soil bacteria. There is a good number of advantages that are associated with this types of products. One of this is that mixing of the different organism traits comes up with an organism that has both combine characteristics of the organisms from which the genes were taken from. Also, the genetically modified organism is known to be able to withstand droughts, they are not prone to diseases like the normal organism and also that they generally have a high yield as compared to the normal products. There has also been a discussion about the side effects of GMOs with some proving that they are not safe for human consumption and that a long use of this products may bring some side effects. GMOs are associated with some side effects to the bodies of those that consume them such as that they are causing food allergy especially to young children as well as some adults.

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According to a research that was conducted in America, it was found that about 5% of children and also 2% of the adults are suffering from food allergy due to consumption of foods that are genetically modified. They are also seen as potential social of some pharmaceutical drugs. Due to these uses, they are being seen to be useful products and thus why they are still being used. Despite this, they are a discussion of whether they are safe for human consumption or not with some claiming that they are safe for human consumption and others holding that they are not safe for human consumption at all. This research will aim at determining if they are safe for human consumption or not. Annotated Bibliography Devos, Y. This article covers the finds of European Food Safety Authority, which was created back in 2002 and which is concerned with evaluating how safe food commodities are before being allowed to get into the European Union.

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In the article, a good number of guidelines that are carried out when doing product evaluation for the case of risk assessment of the GM animals and products are outlined. Specific issues that may be concerned with these products are also covered. The research was concerned with some aspects of the GMOs such as allergenicity, toxicity, and nutrition value of the products. In their research, it was found that GMOs have nutritional values that are below the normal foods and thus they should not be recommended for guan consumption. This can be proven due to the information contained in the article. The information in the article was collected from a research that was conducted in the United States and in the European market as well. The findings of these researchers have been included in the article and this, therefore, makes it much reliable.

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The article is found on a Google engine and the authentication of its author makes the information reliable. All the reliable details that are required in proving that a source is not just a junk one are present. This, therefore, makes them be a reliable source of food due to their high productivity. The article reveals the findings that were made by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United States. According to this finding, United States has to produce its 70% of the total food from GMOs so as to be able to sustain its large population. This paper is concerned with determining if GMOs are suitable for human consumption. The advantages that arise from the use of GMOs are some of the reasons why GMOs are suitable for use as a source of food to human beings.

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First of all, its findings are based on a research that was conducted in the United States. The author has also provided all the important information that makes the resource credible and thus it is not a junk one. The article is present in a Google search. The information in the article corresponds to that present in the Library concerning some of the reasons why GMOs are being used as a source of food despite there being some findings that GMOs are not suitable sources of food for human consumption. From the view of the article, there is a high possibility of GMOs being used as the main source of food for a longer period of time. Genetically modified crops are used by farmers as a way of improving their crops so as to keep them alive as well as to increase their yield.

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According to the resource, some of the reasons why farmers modify their crops is due to bad soil, drought, harsh environment as well as reduced fertilizer. When these crops are not there, then people will die, and they will not be able to get enough food. According to the article, the term Genetically Modified food refers to those crops that are normally created mainly for either human or animal consumption through the use of the latest molecular biology technique. The plants have further been modified in the laboratory so as to incorporate some important traits such as resistance to drought, resistance to pests, high yield and faster growth. The resource is very useful in this persuasive paper in many ways. It will be used in proving that GMOs are better sources of food as compared to the biologically produced crops.

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It will also help in elaborating how the genetic modification is carried out. The resource is therefore very useful in this research. It provides some important information that is crucial in determining the reliability of GMOs as a source of food. Spilsberg, B. Arulandhu, A. J. Kok, E. Shi, J. Since GMOs are created through the insertion of foreign genes into an organism, the new genes may cause allergenic reactions in that individual thus causing allergic reactions to take place in such individual. The mixing of genes between the two organisms can also cause such allergic reactions to take place. GMOs also have the possibility of increasing production of toxins to a level that is not suitable for human consumption. Also, the inserted gene may not be accepted by the recipient organism and thus, therefore, may change and be a toxin.

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Some of the GMOs have also been reported to have low nutritional value thus making them unhealthy for reliance as a source of nutrition. The article is found on a Google engine and the authentication of its author makes the information reliable. All the reliable details that are required in proving that a source is not just a junk one are present. All the authors of the article are specialized in food field and therefore they have carried out an extensive research concerning this topic before a conclusion was made on its findings. It is therefore clear that there are some side effects that are associated with GMOs. Therefore, it is something of discussion so as to prove whether or not that GMOs are suitable for human consumption. Transgenic research, 23(1), 1-25.

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Holst-Jensen, A. Spilsberg, B. Arulandhu, A. J. G. Kirpichnikov, M. P. GMOs in Russia: research, society and legislation. Acta Naturae (англоязычная версия), 8(4 (31)).

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