ISIS and Human Rights Violations
Thereafter, topic such as genocides, child right violation, gender based violence and other atrocities committed by the ISIS will be discusses in detail. Finally, the essay will offers conclusion with summary of desired approach when dealing with the violation of human rights by the ISIS terror group. Introduction According to the United Nations, General Assembly (1948), every person is naturally by virtue of birth free and that all humans are equivalent in rights and dignity. As such, people are equivalently endowed with conscience and purpose and therefore must act with one another in a spirit of union. In essence, this declaration provides an elaborate definition of the concept of Human Rights by outlining that all human beings are entitled to all rights.
Recently, United Nations designated the Islamic State a global threat to security and peace. This made tackling ISIS a key criminal issue of the modern times, in addition to ensuring that the impunity for those accountable for atrocities by ISIS is completely eliminated (Graubart 2010). History of human rights History proves that regulations on human rights have existed in history while constantly changing throughout human history. In contrast to contemporary human rights, human rights during the Ancient times were tied to religions, customs, and laws of the society. Perhaps a good illustration of laws that constituted quotations of human rights is the tablet of Hammurabi. There is the need to respect and safeguard human rights through legislation and laws that promote equality and just treatment to all individuals.
Interestingly, as indicated by ISIS, politics and religion play a crucial in the violation of human rights, but also the religious leaders. The ISIS is a radical jihadist organization that controlled huge swaths of land in Syria and Iraq with the aim of setting up an Islam caliphate. This essay will seek to analyze the impact of human right violation in Syria and Iraq regions that were under the influence of ISIS (Laub & Masters, 2016). The Islamic state organization formed a parallel government that rivaled the influence of the Iraq and Syria in the Middle East region. Recently, reports have indicated that ISIS is inhumanely executing and torturing people (Have 2018). While capturing people and taking over towns, ISIS also violets article 5 by conducting killings of innocent civilians in Syria and Iraq.
Following the rising incidents of human rights violations in the Middle East, OHCHR/ UNAMI has ascertained reports of stern defilements of gross defilements of human rights and international humanitarian law that ISIS, ISIL, and other affiliated armed organizations perpetrates, with an obvious systematic and extensive influence(Human, 2015). According to human rights violation reports released by United Nations, most violations by ISIS involve attacks that directly target civilians, especially children and women resulting in trauma, emotional distress and in extreme cases sexual and physical violence, rape and abductions, rape (Seibert-Fohr, 2009). Moreover, ISIS denied many local and foreigner their human right and freedom through the destruction of cultural and religious places, denial of freedom and rights of expression against the ISIS rule. Over the years, Violent Extremist Organizations (VEOs) throughout the world have historically been known to recruit children as soldiers at a startling rate.
The involuntary recruitment of under aged children into ISIS armed groups was once of the ceremonial instanced that depict the degradation of human life. In the most incident of children recruitment, ISIS jihadists have kidnapped or snatched kids from minority groups and orphanages. Some of the children recruits have also been incited by their peers or impelled by ISIS’s promise of power, adventure, and money of adventure, money, and power. According to the United Nations, formal definition of child soldiers-they is kids under the age of 18 years who are enlisted in the armed organization for a variety of purposes such as military expeditions. It is estimated that more children will be killed in the battle for the Syrian city of Raqqa.
Constrained on the battlefield, military pragmatism has outdone ISIS’s visions of cultivating the next cohort of holy warriors (Human, 2015). Perhaps the recent alarming rate of children conscripting into ISIS owes to the extreme pressure the group faces from American-backed ground military operations that have resulted to the Islamic States’ attenuation, specifically in Syria and Iraq (Human 2015). Hence, the extremists are resorting to recruiting as many children as possible as a mechanism for replacing the escalating death toll of adult soldiers. Nevertheless, studies have shown that most child militias will survive the caliphate, and will ultimately pose a global security concern long after the fall of ISIS. Middle East studies, specifically, Syria and Iraq reveal that in 2017 ISIS captured approximately 2,000 children and women and sold them into slavery as sexual slaves (Seibert-Fohr, 2009).
Reports have also disclosed the prevalence of the situation where the women captives were subjugated to sex slavery to the ISIS commanders (Roach 2006). UN reports on slavery designate that girls and women form approximately three-quarters of the modern slavery victims and constitute & in every 10 cases of the world’s modern slavery victims. This percentage represents about 30 million female victims of modern slavery globally. The success of the slave trade in Yazidi girls and women has been so lucrative that has generated an obstinate infrastructure. Today, modern slavery is the most lucrative form of business and continues to flourish perhaps because of the mere fact that the slavers or human traffickers are not subjected to any kind of punishment, prosecution or apprehension (Ahram, 2015).
Genocides Based on the research conducted by human rights organizations, there was a high prevalence of massacres and genocides in the Islamic State region. Apparently, Iraq nor Syria is not a member-state of the Rome Statute or ICC and that The Hague Court cannot investigate or prosecute the crimes against humanity unfolding in the region without a referral from the United Security Council (Tawaifi, 2015). ISIS overwhelming committed suicide bombing on military personnel execution shooting at city centers in various towns to instill fear and subjugation on the residents. They destroyed critical infrastructure that allowed the people in various regions to connect and receive information and supplies from outside regions. Female survivors were discriminated and exposed to sexual harassment and violence. Many young women and girls as young as 7 years of age were sold in to slavery and experience sex violence affecting their quality of life and their productive years.
Men were castrated and maimed. In one instance, a woman who had tried to escape was sexually harassed and her children killed as she watched (Callimachi, 2015). Forced marriages Many of the Syrian and Iraq girls and young women were forced into marriages with strangers who are mostly foreign fighters. The financial gain from the sale of a human being has intensified modern-day slavery and violence against humanity. The ISIS accelerated kidnapping and labor trafficking through its network used to smuggle drugs and guns (Ahram, 2015). At its peak, with increased regional coverage, the organization was able to traffic women and young girls to it foreign fighters. This had the impact of lowering the human dignity and act of grievous, egregious violation of the rights and freedom of the victims.
Interesting, there is the report that the organization had intensified human organ harvesting from its large base of wounded soldiers, with the high demand of organs across the world, the ISIS was believed to unethically harvest organs from its victims and the fallen soldier was transported to the ready client who paid handsomely (Weiss & Hassan, 2016). Survival, 57(3), 57-78. Assembly, U. G. Universal declaration of human rights. UN General Assembly. The prevention of gross human rights violations under international human rights law Human, R. W. World Report 2015: Events of 2014. Bristol: Policy Press Kenny, C. Prosecuting crimes of international concern: Islamic State at the ICC. wilsoncenter. org/article/report-isis-human-rights-abuses-2015 Roach, S. C. Politicizing the International Criminal Court: The convergence of politics, ethics, and law.
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