Kuwait 2035 sustainability goals
7), many nations of the world were called upon to create an integrated system of economic, environmental, and social development into a single and strategic blueprint action at a national level (Hauff & Kuhnke 24). Kuwait is one of the nations that participated in the development of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). Having understood the gravity of SDGs, Kuwait believe in international partnerships to improve economic, social, and environmental sectors. This paper discusses two out of the total seven goals for 2035 of Kuwait. These goals are Creative Human Capital and Infrastructure. The Completion of 14 Sports Clubs Project It is difficult to measure the value of sports as people with the skills required to succeed in school and outside are more likely to participate in sports.
Studies accounting for this premise find that participation in sports improves performance in the academic and labor market (Gorry; Rees & Sabia). Pawlowski et al. observed that sports support human capital development due to its positive impacts on health and social capital measure. The authors found a different situation in developed countries where sports showed statistically significant impacts on the wellbeing and formation of human capital. III. Receive more members. IV. Accommodate 25,000 users per day per club by 70 The Completion of 14 Sports Clubs Project is one of the projects under YCEP that government captures its annual budget. In the 2018/19 fiscal year, this project alongside others in YCEP was estimated to consumer 12,428,200KWD of the national budget. The program also projected to create scientific tendencies and the work values of the graduates.
Moreover, the program seeks to increase the effectiveness of educational institutions regarding the use of the available resources in the realm of education. Consequently, the program gave rise to the creation of The National Learning Standards project as part of the program. The project goals including the implementation of national standards for: I. Teachers (content and performance) II. The Al-Bareeq Center project for positive thinking and holistic wellbeing came to help young people improve their productivity by sparking positivity and creating mindedness. The project aimed to achieve 37% of objectives by 2020. To achieve its objectives by 2035, the project drew a wide range of goals. Some of them include helping youths understand their emotional capacity and intellectual ability and deal with stress, and contributing towards the creation of a healthy lifestyle.
The project also aims to dispatch 10-20 male and female teachers to attend training courses that could enhance the application of psychology in the school environment. Correspondingly, by Al-Bareeq Center project creating a platform that guides youths on how to manage stress and life generally, would reduce drug addiction. Additionally, both the UN’s SDG of 2030 and Kuwait vision 2035 share the goal of providing quality education. UN has a target of increasing free, equitable and quality education at primary and secondary levels to girls and boys to offer them relevant and goal-oriented effective learning outcomes. Besides, by 2030, UN targets to facilitate equal access to affordable quality education at technical, vocational, and tertiary levels to both women and men. From these and many more targets the UN has, it is evident that it places a higher premium on quality and affordable educational levels to all people regardless of their gender.
Also, it is expected that these clubs will host sporting events, generating income to the host community or country (Jeanrenaud). It is expected that the established clubs as a result of the project will start to host sporting events once the leagues advance to higher levels. These events would expand the sources of revenue collection in Kuwait. The growth in GDP will translate to economic development and improved living standards of Kuwaitis. Besides, the increased awareness concerning the sporting activities as a result of the Completion of 14 Sports Clubs Project will have health implications. According to Sev, effective environmental protection cannot be disregarded for sustainable development. Graham noted that any changes in the environment including construction of buildings causes a significant shift in the ecological conditions.
Sporting events also will contribute to noise pollution during significant sporting activities. This will, directly and indirectly, affect people surrounding stadiums. Economically, the Completion of 14 Sports Clubs Project will have negative impacts on the local government’s budget. All these steps will demand an increased use of the government resources to facilitate the activities of combating crimes that might take advantage of the sports events. The National Learning Standards Project The government of Kuwait has increased annual budget going to education improvements. According to a report by the Oxford Business Group, Kuwait allocated 9. 5% of its national budget in 2016. The allocated money was used in developing facilities and rebuilding old schools (“Kuwait's new plan to move the education sector to the next level”).
2% (“Kuwait's new plan to move the education sector to the next level”). The report observed that this rate is comparable with the majority of the developed nations. Most of the Kuwaiti students leave school with reliable skills that enable them to cope with life challenges. The outcomes are in line with the National Learning Standards project’s core goals of implementing national standards for the content and performance of teachers, curriculum, school leadership, teaching environment, and special needs. The fact that the literacy levels continue to advance to the next levels, it demonstrates the positive impacts of the project on the education program and the educational outcomes as a whole. The improvement in primary and secondary GERs demonstrates the considerable room for the tertiary education sector of Kuwait to grow.
The advancement in the education system in Kuwait as a result of the National Learning Standards project has attracted students from foreign countries. The GERs score of Kuwait shows that the education system of the country is increasingly becoming competitive compared to both developing and developed countries. The quality of education currently offered in Kuwait is finding favour among many students from around the region as well as further afield to study in the country. The country has increased scholarship opportunities to allow students seeking to study abroad to do so. However, a decline of suicide has been recorded, showing the growing wellness management in the country (Chen et al. The situation could be attributed to wellness programs like Al-Bareeq Center Project.
However, the fact that the project has not entirely managed to end antisocial behaviour and enhance mental and psychological well-being among Kuwaitis, it could be attributed to the witnessed cases of suicide. For instance, youths forcefully enrolled by their parents or guardians could think of taking their countermeasures to other levels. Developed Infrastructure There exists a number of precipitating factors that continuously call for the need to establish, develop, or expand infrastructure. Besley and Burgess showed that development of infrastructure has a positive impact on economic development. An earlier study by Dollar and Kraay, a correlation was found between income growth and the reduction in poverty. Therefore, there are existing pieces of evidence showing that infrastructure development has a high possibility of reducing poverty by improving growth.
The 9th goal of UN’s SDGs outlines the industry, innovation, and infrastructure. This goal focuses on building resilient infrastructure, promotion of inclusive and sustainable industrialisation and fostering innovation. It also includes a 4 km long road that connects Shuwaih Port and crosses to Shuwaikh Port. The project also covers a 27 km long bridge across the navigational corridor that provides a navigational space to facilitate shipment services with features such as 120 meters and 23 meters in width and height respectively. The Sheikh Jaber Al-Ahmed Causeway project drafted some goals to facilitate its completion. The first goal was to complete a 37 km long sea-bridge starting from the intersection point between Al-Ghazali Expressway and Jamal Abdulnasser Road and end at Al-Sebiyya City. The project also aimed to construct a 27 km long low-height bridge traversing across the bay with its main bridge running 120 meters and 23 meters in width and height respectively to facilitate the passage of ships.
This reflects a reduction in travel time from the current 90 minutes to less than 30 minutes. Consequently, this will facilitate an increased flow of business commodities between the city and the areas surrounding Subiyah. This will have a positive economic impact in the country as a whole as people can operate between these places in their daily business activities, leading to a GDP growth of the city and Subiyah. The project will reduce a large geographical area into a small village, attracting both domestic and foreign investors in the region. Additionally, the building of the causeway will create a new strategic highway route between the two areas. The construction of the bridge will see the distance between the planned development of the new town of Subiyah and Kuwait City reduced.
Hence, it will strategically reduce the traffic jam in the city and create a new city in the north. The completion of the new town will attract residents from the central and southern regions to the new city. Consequently, this will expand business opportunities as new spaces will be created. However, will consume a significant portion of the government’s national expenditure. L. , a firm contracted to complete the project used a special polymer mud to provide support to the piles during excavation while the casting could be performed. The slurry was also used before reaching the piezometric level to prevent sloughing or ravelling. The use of polymer mud is known for its biological effects on the aquatic lifeforms. Beyond the physical site of smothering, the impacts of oil-based mud cuttings are due to the aromatic fraction or organic enrichment of oil (Han et al.
The Sheikh Jaber Al-Ahmed Causeway project was one of the leading projects in improving infrastructure in Kuwait. It had It aimed to complete a 37 km long sea-bridge starting from the intersection point between Al-Ghazali Expressway and Jamal Abdulnasser Road and end at Al-Sebiyya City. The project also sought to construct a 27 km long low-height bridge traversing across the bay with its main bridge running 120 meters and 23 meters in width and height respectively to facilitate the passage of ships. The project also aimed to build four overpasses, each 4 km in length at the Shuwaikh Port area. The project also sought to achieve a smooth and natural flow of traffic. Subsequently, the government should give documented reports concerning the progress of the project and changes that have been perceived necessary.
Self-Opinion on Optimisation of the Projects The world is changing regarding how countries perform in their daily political, economic, and social aspects of life. It became imminent when the General Assembly of the United Nations adopted SDGs in 2015. SDGs provided a set of goals that countries had to achieve to end poverty to ensure prosperity and protect the environment. These goals were in line with the new development agenda that wanted nations of the world to work in a common front while fighting poverty, improving human life and protecting the planet. On the other hand, infrastructure plays a vital role in facilitating the connection among citizens and the country to the rest of the world. Therefore, both human capital and infrastructure are critical elements in attracting both domestic and international investors.
Kuwait has shown excellent skills in identifying and implementing various projects aimed to take its human capital and infrastructure to the next level. For example, the National Learning Standards Project and the Completion of 14 Sports Clubs Project have been considered special programs aimed at improving the development of human capital in Kuwait. The goals of these projects demonstrate how the countries value human capital in driving the economic growth of the country. Conclusion The sustainable development goals (SDGs) is a framework of economic development initially adopted by the UN’s General Assembly to facilitate developing and developed nations establish a development agenda. Later, many countries across the world showed their commitments to use the UN’s 17 SDGs as an ambitious and universal package of development.
Kuwait has not been left behind in following the new paradigm of development. The country has adopted seven goals that mostly address the UN’s 17 SDGs. Mainly, the human capital and infrastructure goals demonstrate the readiness of the country to improve its economy and the wellbeing of its people. Abdel-Khalek, Ahmed M. , and Ghada K. Eid. "Religiosity And Its Association With Subjective Well-Being And Depression Among Kuwaiti And Palestinian Muslim Children And Adolescents". Mental Health, Religion & Culture, vol 14, no. , no. 3, 2002, pp. 195-225, Springer, doi:10. 1023/A:1020139631000. Forgeard, Marie J. John Wiley & Sons, 2009. Hauff, Michael von, and Claudia Kuhnke. Sustainable Development Policy: A European Perspective. Routledge. Hulten, Charles R. 1, 2007, pp. CAIRN, doi:10. 3917/fbc. Lubans, David R. et al. Public Library Of Science (Plos), doi:10.
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