Physiological and Nutritional Assessment of a marathon athlete
This kind of winning must be associated with vigorous training and preparedness (Tanner and Gore, 2013). It is vital to consider the psychological and nutritional assessment during their preparations for the marathons. The health of an athlete is a determinant of his or her performance. The agents are entrusted with the responsibilities of watching the athlete’s health as well as physical fitness. The athlete’s agents also must ensure that their candidates feed well and that their physique is always stabilized. Part A. (Physiology) This assessment shall relate to Ken, a renowned athlete who has participated in a number of athletic marathon among other sporting competitions. He has participated in sporting activities which mostly involve his physical activities as well as the mental activities.
For ken to train and prepare his mental skills, he prepares his psychology through practices such as self-talk. Psychological strength is built by proper psychological training and preparations. Most athletes work very hard to build their muscles. These athletes carry out a number of exercises with the aim of building their muscles. Some of these activities they carry out include recovery and warm-ups. Physical exercises include activities such as jumps using ropes, cycling, swimming or high jumps. Dynamic warm-ups include activities such as skipping. It kept changing from one stage time to another. For the first 20 minutes, the HR increased with an increase in the speed in km/hr, with the max speed end recording at the sub-maximum test. Ken, at a constant speed of 7 km/hr, experiences a constant heartbeat rate.
In the second activity, Ken carries out activities which require a series of cellular respiration. The process is responsible for converting the food energy into ATP. The body fitness needed entailed strong building of the muscles. From the analysis, it can be established that, as Ken trained on the treadmill, the muscles adapted the situation that is somewhat the same to that of the track activities. Through the process, the muscles get used to intense and rigorous activities like those which happens in the real track events. Methodology and justification of the assessment Gas analyzer and treadmill laboratory test are the techniques that are used to assess Ken. The whole evaluation was conducted with a temperature of 22. The quotient is used to calculate the respiratory exchange ratio (RER).
The respiratory exchange ratio is the ratio between the oxygen used and the carbon monoxide produced during the metabolism process. Normally, a standard athlete inhales more amount of oxygen than the amount of carbon dioxide molecules exhaled after the respiration process. However, the difference between a standard human being and an athlete is the high rates of metabolisms among the athletes due to the rigorous activities. That is why, from the data analysis of Ken, his RQ increases with an increase in the run when compared to initial times before he started running. The respiration has the highest amount of oxygen at the time the athlete just begins the exercise. The oxygen amounts involved are high because the metabolism process has started (Bompa, 2014).
As the athlete increases his speed, the amount of V02 increases too with the increase. The same applies to the amounts of VCO2. As a result, the RQ increases with a corresponding increase in VCO2 exhaled by the athlete. Athletes sacrifice they're all especially when trying to achieve the finishing power. Recent series of surveys that have been carried out in the Olympic Games on the athletes established that most athletes fail to clinch the top position due to poor finishing power. That is why some athletes lead from the beginning but end up not winning the race, most especially due to small lung capacities. Therefore their respiratory systems hold a few oxygen. This kind of athletes uses the oxygen in the respiratory system during the initial stages of the race.
Part B (Nutrition Assessment) The aim of nutritional advice to an athlete is to boost energy production during the activities (Gamble, 2016). When the athlete observes good nutritional practices, the respiratory tissues are supplied with enough energy which is essential for the metabolic activities. The performance of an athlete is determined by the type of food they eat. In sports, nutrition has everything to do with the athlete’s feeding pattern as well as their output. Nutrition concerns the type of fluid intake and the quantity of the food consumed. Most of the athletes who have won this race have said that they increased the contributions of real foods in their diets. Some suggested that it is easier to obtain calories and proteins through consumption of salted chocolates.
In summary, most of the athletes who performed well in this marathon had high levels of CHO in their diets. Conventional recommendations indicate that endurance behavior and storage of muscle oxygen works hand in hand (Miller, 2013). Recent studies have indicated that decreases in CHO may be good for endurance in the training activities. However, an athlete endures and performs better when they consume high CHO levels. The fluid intake also indicates that individualization must be taken into consideration especially concerning the recommendations together with their sweat rates. Another study that was carried out recently indicated that most of the marathoners do not meet the low recommended CHO fluids of about 50 grams per hour. During the CHO intake period, athletes are encouraged to increase the CHO intake so as they can meet CHO threshold.
Therefore, ken must look into individualized CHO to ensure that he meets the target. Physical health can be obtained through attending treadmill services. The paper has also established that is important for Ken to train in areas of high altitudes. The diet the athletes take in must also be studied closely. The food categories that are vital and healthy in the energy production have been suggested in this paper. The paper has established that Ken must take in more foods rich in CHO. , Bowers, R. W. and Foss, M. L. The physiological basis of physical education and athletics. Physiological tests for elite athletes. Human Kinetics. Pp. 34-36 Bompa, T. O. W. and Kellmann, M. Burnout in athletes and coaches. Emotions in sport, pp.
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