Activities in Progress to Reduce Health Disparities Report
Reduction in racial disparities has been noted to cause substantial effects in the health sector. Hierarchies in ethnic and racial groups are often not defined in areas of smaller jurisdictions. Defining these two have often been attributed with either stigmatization or discrimination. This has further led to social arrangements and policies that limit prospects. A good case study is apartheidism in South Africa. Social inequality determines compensation rates, employment stability, education quality, and health risks allied with occupational status. Community conditions such as biased access to municipal services, increased crime rates, inadequate housing, and decreased participation of social services significantly affects health outcomes (Kim, 2014). For instance, in the workplace, blacks are more likely to be positioned in areas that will make them vulnerable to occupational hazards.
On the other hand, waste fills are more likely to be situated in residential areas where the poor reside. Racial discrimination is the biased treatment of individuals based either due to their ethnicity or race. • Statistical analysis- This entails investigating inequality outcomes between groups. Instead of focusing on perceptions or attitudes, possible consequences of discrimination in unemployment, distribution of economic and social resources are investigated. Individual income and health have a curvilinear relationship. This suggests that any growth in a rich mans’ income has a reduced impact on health as equated to a growth in income for the poor. Equality improves health outcomes. Social exclusion affects emotional, cognitive, and behavioral outcomes. Elimination causes alteration of hormone levels and behaviors. For example, withdrawal, droopiness, or hypervigilance are just a few.
Individuals suffering from depression have been noted to report that they experience instances of feeling embarrassed and inferiority complex. Health inequalities are inevitable due to various factors that define health degradation. Equality in health can be described if everyone is given a chance to a healthy life. Yes, this might hold weight but what happens when an individual subjects themselves to factors that might cause their health to be affected? For instance, an individual who smokes subjects himself to harmful compounds that might cause an adverse health effect on their life. This hence raises the concern. Is inequality fair or unfair? The tobacco smoker subjects both their life and the life of the passive smoker to factors that affect their health.
This remains debatable since one has freedom of choice. This is s a clear indication that anyone can be affected by conditions that have been thought to be for the poor. Reduction of health inequalities can be attained by having a look at social inequalities. For example, economic inequalities have had a significant place in causing death among the American exclusion of income, and the risk of violence in some areas have led to high mortality rates in certain areas. On the other hand, factors such as accidents, homicides, and suicide have been noted to occur in both economic classes. Investing in social structures and amenities significantly helps in the improvement of health outcomes. He has also participated in other studies that have shed light on urban inequality in major cities.
His most recent project funded by RSF investigates how the Great Recession caused inequalities and households that have been slow to recover hence causing a loss in wealth recovery. Prof Sheldon has authored several books and published numerous publications. Some of his works include Fighting Poverty: What Works and What Doesn’t; Uneven Tides; Understanding Poverty; Securing the Future: Investing in Children from Birth to College; Working and Poor: How Economic and Policy Changes Are Affecting Low-Wage Workers; The Price of Independence: The Economics of Early Adulthood; and Changing Poverty, Changing Policies. The Russell Sage Foundation is the pioneer and founder of research in USA. Current projects are evaluating comprehensive labor market and factors that affect employment opportunities. Race, Ethnicity, and Immigration- This is the new baby or is it the last born.
It was formed as a result of insights gathered from cultural contact and immigration. The program seeks to find ingenious ways that can harness the collaboration of research findings from multi-disciplinary fields. Notable Projects Funded by RSF These projects have helped shape and design the present and are significantly determining how the future will be. Additionally, the following questions should be answered comprehensively. • The problem being study and how it is of importance. • Existing literature review on the problem being investigated some of the unique contribution(s) this this study will make. • State the principal hypotheses as well as the research questions being investigated. • Outline how the data will be collected. The program has undergone various changes and is currently pursuing four principal programs.
Through funding, this foundation is able to equip relevant authorities with resources to conduct research projects. RSF helps in eliminating the limitation of funds barrier by proving awards to interested parties to conduct their research project. However, the interested parties should first undergo a thorough vetting and elimination process. The institution/scholar should meet several requirements first. This establishes a bond between school and attainment of noble health status. Education is a tool or vehicle that helps the less privileged to feel equipped and confident hence they are not limited with their current living standards/conditions. This hence positively impacts them to live healthy despite the health hazards found in their surroundings. The potential pathways identified by education and school-based intervention include health behaviors, empowerment, knowledge, aging, and adult socioeconomic status (Braveman, Cubbin, Egerter, Williams & Pamuk, 2010).
Strengthening Communities It is major to build mutual support and social cohesion in the communities. Improving the living conditions of populations helps in improving their health outcomes. Some of the services and infrastructure that can be provided include safe working conditions or workers, access to health and social services, good housing, sanitation and uncontaminated water and food supplies. Simulation modelling This is a simulation model that outlines the relationship between health outcomes, etiological factors and treatment plans. This model can be used to mimic various variables and constants and hence infer reliable results that can be used to determine if certain interventions will be successful in decreasing social inequalities and achieving health outcomes (Smith, et al. Creation of Job Opportunities Creation of income generation avenues will ensure that the targeted individuals become financially independent.
The public should also be sensitized on the need to achieve a society that has equality since health inequalities affects all people. References Braveman, P. , Cubbin, C. , Egerter, S. , Williams, D. M. Racial and ethnic health disparities: evidence of discrimination’s effects across the SEP spectrum. Ethnicity & Health, 15(2), 121–143. https://doi. org/10. Current Epidemiology Reports, 1(3), 149-164. doi: 10. 1007/s40471-014-0013-5 Pickett, K. , & Wilkinson, R. Income inequality and health: A causal review. G. , & Mustard, C. A. Reducing social inequalities in health: the role of simulation modelling in chronic disease epidemiology to evaluate the impact of population health interventions. Journal of Epidemiology & Community Health, 68(4), 384–389. , & Collins, C. Race, socioeconomic status, and health: Complexities, ongoing challenges, and research opportunities. Annals Of The New York Academy Of Sciences, 1186(1), 69-101.
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