Communist Manifesto by Marx Analysis

Document Type:Essay

Subject Area:Philosophy

Document 1

A spectre refers to something scary such as a ghost or an evil spirit. Religious leaders were often criticized for allowing a spectre to exist in society and to take root within the community (Marx, & Engels, 2018). In support of communism, Marx took a swipe at the political class of the time for allowing a so called vice to dictate the societal way of life. He was clear in describing how the government or the ruling political parties label the opposition parties as communistic. He further states that smaller opposition parties have accused larger opposition parties as well as the ruling part of being communistic. Due to this, they were considered the upper class in society. The bourgeois enforced this position by guarding their wealth and status as well as their public image.

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In the same time, proletarians existed in society. These were workers who worked on the farms or factories owned by the bourgeois. They were paid low wages that were unable to improve their economic state in significant ways (Marx, & Engels, 2018). The first significant revolutionary aspect by the bourgeois was the act of simplifying the middle era classes into two main classes. These included the bourgeoisie and the proletariat. Marx expresses his agreement with this point through an explanation of his own. He believed that the bourgeois always ended any form of social feuds when it got an upper hand (Marx, & Engels, 2018). The bourgeois focused on wealth and the aspect of making and keeping it. This cosmopolitan look was contributed to by the fact that the new industries set up by the bourgeois did not source their materials and labor indigenously.

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The new industries adopted a global outlook that allowed them to source raw materials from other countries (Marx, & Engels, 2018). The bourgeois time coincide with the discovery of America and the colonization of other countries. This state supported their global outlook and made it easier for them to revolutionize society into a cosmopolitan setting. In addition to a cosmopolitan setting, the revolution by the bourgeoisie brought numerous countries into civilization. Political centralization was born from this new settlement. These areas would require local governments to manage the public affairs of the growing population. Boundaries were established to demarcate the settlement locations and give local government clear areas that were under its rule. The bourgeoisie ruled the world’s economy for approximately 100 years.

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Through this period, they were able to influence a significant amount of development in form of productive forces in society compared to other generational and social leaders before them. They continued to replicate the social and economic revolutions that had been created by the bourgeoisie before them. The bourgeoisie were able to create revolutionary social and economic systems. However, all social and economic progress in society is borne from the antagonism of two classes. The bourgeois propagated a system where they progressed at the expense of the proletariat. As they became wealthier, the working class became poorer. Marx felt that the communist revolution was not for future generations, but had matured during his time to make a claim to the supremacy of the bourgeoisie.

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