Comparing and contrasting the role and influence of two policy actors
The procedures are made by a governing authority together with other stakeholders. Therefore, governance is the process of making the necessary plans, rules, and controls concerning climatic changes and ensuring that they are implemented up to the latter. In the event of making policies essential for climate change, some parties are involved in making the policies and that influence the process. Each actor has its responsibilities and how it controls the policy-making process, where some differ, and others are common. The parties involved in the making of the policies is comprised of experts and professionals from the different sectors that are affected by the climatic change as a whole. The governments can also use awareness raising such as energy efficiency labels and communication campaigns.
When the business entities fail to adhere to the policies set on climatic changes the government can apply the traditional measures such as command and control measures to control the emission that harm the environment causing climatic change (Carter and Jacobs, 130). The government and the business community are active parties in the formulation of climatic policies and its implementation. The government and the businesses all have the local, regional and international setting and each level is different or similar from the other in one way or the other. In the local context, the government is liable to the configuration of policies and ensuring that they adhere. Many countries through their governments have initiated programs to ensure that the climatic changes are controlled and do not escalate beyond measures.
An example is the business entities involved in the making of greenhouses to boost the economy but hurting climatic changes. The government is putting measures like lowest cost abatement through emission reduction fund. The government through such initiative will keep the business entities on their toes and avoid making products that bring adverse effect to the environment thus limiting climatic changes (Jacques, et al. Another different role is that the government is responsible for receiving penalties from business entities that fail to adhere to the policies that have been set. The government and the business experience the same economic crisis at a time when the climate changes effects are realized in the globe. None is left behind in the repercussions that are experienced when the adverse effects of climate change occur.
The government gets economic setback due to lack of revenue that could be accrued by the business entities as a result of the excellent performance of the businesses. The government and the business entities both experience losses when the climate changes become so adverse (Lockwood, 1345). Therefore, it is the role of the two parties to be involved in coming up and implementing strategies that can lead to a better environment and avoid climatic changes. The government has to make sure that the people are aware of the need for the policies for climate change while the business community has to participate in the implementation of the policies that have been laid down by the government. Therefore, this ensures that each has its resources being used in the policy-making process (Keister,40).
The business participates in corporate social responsibility that can awaken the zeal of the civil society in protecting the environment. If the environment is protected and well, this means the climatic changes to be experienced are minimal. The government has the highest control in the policy-making process. The gaining of benefits is done at the expense of environment being wasted or exploited. Some entities will not engage in the goodwill of the environment since they will lose their market share or some profits that they could have lost. The business entities might decide not adhere to the policies thus making them null and void in the long run if not practiced to the latter. However, the high penalties that are applied to the defaulters by the government can make the business entities to be keen and adhere to the policies (Newell, 146).
The penalties are so high such that if one is caught, it will mean the end of the business or other severe penalties that can deter them from operating. The business firms if they fail to adhere to the policies that are set by the government, they will be the losers in the long run (Stewart, et al. Therefore the government and the enterprises should work hand in hand and avoid frustration by losing the beautiful ecosystem. The adverse effects should not wait until it happens to take precautions, the government has to ensure that it takes the best precautions even before they occur in the long run. The government should be in the forefront to encourage business entities towards adhering to the policies that are laid.
The government is also in the forefront to practice the ways and observe the protocols that it has put through its operations. 92, no. 1, 2013, pp. Grundmann, Reiner. "Climate change and knowledge politics. " Environmental Politics, vol. " Environmental Politics, vol. 17, no. 3, 2008, pp. Keister, Albert. "The Role of Government in the Environment: The Policy-Making Processes. "Oppose, Support, or Hedge? Distributional Effects, Regulatory Pressure, and Business Strategy in Environmental Politics. " Global Environmental Politics, vol. 15, no. 2, 2015, pp. "The Globalization of Carbon Trading: Transnational Business Coalitions in Climate Politics. " Environmental Politics, vol. 18, no. 5, 2009, pp. Savijärvi, Hannu. "The Effect of Atmospheric and Oceanic Energy Transports in Climatic Balance. "Changes in Snowmelt Runoff Timing in Western North America under a `Business as Usual' Climate Change Scenario. " Climatic Change, vol.
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