Computer Assisted Instruction and Learning in Elementary Education
The 21st century education is the center in which all progress and development in the world arise and therefore, it is a critical element in the social, political and economic development of the society. One of the sectors in education where information technology has been incorporated is in elementary education. Many countries in the world have incorporated information technology as teaching aids and in the curriculum for instructional and learning capacities. Therefore, this paper will explore the use of information technology in elementary education and its positive and negative impacts after deployment in the classroom Information technology is the processing of knowledge, methods applied, processing and transfer while information is being made in the process. Information technology is to gather, organize, store and the use of information in the form of sound, number, text, picture graphic using telecommunication and computer tools (Saravanan, 2017).
The other aspect is the mode of simulation as to when the students will be exposed to the technology-based teaching aids and how it impacts them at each lesson. These are the factors which involve the application of computer-assisted learning in the classroom. Some of the most used information and technology devices used in the elementary classroom are LCD projectors, Smart Boards, cell phones and tablets, audio files and podcasts (Fidaoui, Bahous & Bacha, 2010). The advantage of having computers in the classroom is that it can serve as a tutor and be used to deliver information to the students. For those students who fall behind in classroom, they can use podcasts or audio files to catch up with the rest in their own time (De Witte, Haelermans & Rogge, 2014).
Videoconferencing and chats assist the students in communication development regarding speaking, writing, and self-expression. Though it is a limited feature for elementary students, when tailored for them, it can aid in increasing the value of self-expression and esteem (Fidaoui, Bahous & Bacha, 2010). This is because it can provide opportunities for opinion chats through interactive smart boards and debates. In most cases, this would not require the formal consent of the teacher and can create management issues if not handled properly. However, the technology increases learning efficiency of the learner. Students are encouraged in any media which integrates both visual and audio capabilities (Shute & Rahimi, 2017). This, therefore, boosts the student’s way of learning and recall of knowledge. For elementary students, most of these technology-based teaching aids must require the supervision of the teacher or the guardians.
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