Critical thinking model in homeland security

Document Type:Thesis

Subject Area:Sociology

Document 1

The country has itself been prone to risks and been attacked on several accounts. Examples of attacks are attacks in the New York in 2001 September 11 and Oklahoma bombing in 1995. The attacks served as motivations for nations to join hands and fight terrorism at all cost. People requiring protection are not only those attacked, but the whole world in general and therefore security has to take a global dimension (Vaughan, Williams, 2014). The central Homeland department was established in 2003 after the 2001 bombings attack in 2001 (Pruitt, 2003). A terror attack in 1995 April 19 left one hundred and sixty-eight dead and a whole lot shocked and threatened. The bomb was detonated in front of Murrah Federal building, and it was the most significant attack by then in United States history. The main person behind the attack was Timothy McVeigh, and he packed explosives in front of the building leading to damage of other construction and vehicles.

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Seconds were enough to set the explosion in motion, and a few seconds the place looked like a war area. Due to the attack, the Federal Bureau of Investigations launched a most extensive search. According to the Federal Bureau of Investigations, Timothy McVeigh was galvanized during Waco standoff event and Barry Black the newest Bomb technician by the time was searching for him. McVeigh’s had a deep hatred towards the government due to the standoff that left seventy sic people dead. Therefore he sought to target Murrah building since most of the government workers including Black’s wife were working there. After the attack among the dead, ninety-eight people worked for the federal government. The investigations defined Timothy McVeigh to have been a disappointed man since he has strong beliefs that the government was violating the freedoms and rights of people.

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This is because five years later there was a terrorist attack in New York leaving two hundred and twenty-two thousand, nine hundred and ninety-six dead and more than 6000 injured. Following the choice of the best critical thinking model, there are two factors which play a significant role in that decision (Browne and Keeley, 2007). In matters of homeland security, essential elements in critical thinking include knowing the nature of homeland security and ethical decision making (Paul and Elder, 2009). Good Decision Making A right decision should possess qualities of offering a solution at the end of research in homeland security. Critically thinking is more focused on reaching the right choice. Right choices would have been made and thus preventing and reducing the damage of another event happening. Homeland Security Nature Processes in Homeland security, as well as the activities surrounding decision making in the parameters, are substantially multifaceted.

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Complexities are in two levels; the many variables and dynamics in decisions made in homeland and amount of information or data being processed are tremendously significant (Paul and Elder, 2009). Coming to the light of this, complex data and information found requires a decision-making process to accompany implications involved. More so, the inspection goes beyond all other presented options before any decision is passed. Right question model is the right model to have been used during 1945, Oklahoma bombing that left one hundred and sixty-eight people dead and others injured. Asking the right questions helps in homeland security and takes the highest reign (Browne and Keeley, 2007). This model is speculative thus allowing necessary conclusions as well as numerous security subjects determined. Detailed analysis is also offered in decision making together with the actions taken.

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Right questions model is the best of all models in homeland security if compared to elements of thoughts critical thinking model, and it outranks them by empowering security to achieve their targets or achievements (Browne and Keeley, 2007). Therefore, this model is selected to identify missing necessary data thus increasing probabilities of acquiring the best strategy for action. Additionally, there was no mitigation for the possible threats that could arise due to the Waco standoff going on and that which had left seventy-six people dead (Vaughan-Williams, 2014). Decision making at the preliminary stages lacked actions thus demonstrating rigidity of the operations. This model also enables homeland security in analyzing and developing better information without using fallacies that way they can devise persuasive and sound arguments in reviewing security policies of the nation. Focus is also directed towards essential points and avoid unnecessary debates that in turn waste too much time.

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Each person through critical thinking is authorized to develop their skills and innovative behavior. Finally, adopting the right questions model of critical thinking, agencies are capable of challenging perceived, emerging and new threats in homeland security. References Browne, M. N. Keeley, S. Hamm, M. S.  Terrorism as crime: from Oklahoma City to Al-Qaeda and beyond. NYU Press. Kiltz, L. Phillips Jr, W. E. Burrell, D. N. Decision-making skills that encompass a critical thinking orientation for law enforcement professionals.

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