Diagnostic Testing Yelling to the Sky
Moreover, her mother is emotionally unstable and a drug addict. Sweetness slowly transitions to a rogue and rebellious teenager resorting to selling drugs and shoplifting as a strategy to make her life better than the rest of her family. Interestingly, her transition is so epic that she bullies the girl who used to pick on her and even draws the bully’s friends to her side. This new persona is coupled with drug abuse. In addition, after witnessing the killing of the man who introduced her to drug dealing and had even started falling in love with she blames herself for causing his death. Table 1 has been adopted from Hasin et al. DSM-5 Diagnoses Associated With Class of Substance Table 2 Mild Moderate-severe Intoxication Withdrawal Alcohol X Cannabis X Caffeine Amphetamines Cocaine X Hallucinogens Phencyclidine (PCP) Tobacco X Opioids Inhalants Sedatives, Hypnotics Polysubstance Other/unknown X Note.
Table 2 has been adopted from Hasin et al. DSM-5 Criteria for PTSD Criterion A • Direct exposure • Witnessing trauma • Learning from the third party • Indirect exposure X Criterion B • Unwanted memories • Nightmares • Flashbacks • Emotional distress after exposure • Physical reactivity after exposure Criterion C • Trauma-related thoughts or feelings • Trauma-related reminders Criterion D • Inability to recall key features of the trauma • Overly negative thoughts and assumptions about oneself/world • The exaggerated blame of self or others for causing the trauma • Negative affect • Decreased interest in activities • Feeling isolated • Difficulty experiencing positive affect X Criterion E • Irritability or aggression • Risky or destructive behavior • Hypervigilance • Heightened startle reaction • Difficulty concentrating • Difficulty sleeping X Criterion F • Symptoms last for more than a month X Criterion G • Symptoms create distress or functional impairment (e.
g. Antisocial Personality Disorder She is initially antisocial but transitions to a sociable girl when she starts selling drugs iv. Pyromania Not exhibited v. Kleptomania Not exhibited vi. Other specified Disruptive, Impulsive-Control and Conduct Disorder Not exhibited vii. Unspecified Disruptive, Impulsive-Control and Conduct Disorder Not exhibited Case Formulation Client #1: Gordon O’Hara Client’s Background Information Gordon O’Hara is a middle-aged White-American man. DSM-5 Substance Use Disorders Table 4 DSM-5 Substance Use Disorders Hazardous use X Social/Interpersonal problems related to use X Neglected Major roles to use X Legal problems Withdrawal Tolerance Use-larger amounts/longer X Repeated attempts to quit/control use Much time spent using X Physical/Psychological problems related to use X Activities given up to use X Craving X Note.
Table 4 has been adopted from Hasin et al. DSM-5 Diagnoses Associated With Class of Substance Table 5 Mild Moderate-severe Intoxication Withdrawal Alcohol X Cannabis Caffeine Amphetamines Cocaine Hallucinogens Phencyclidine (PCP) Tobacco X Opioids Inhalants Sedatives, Hypnotics Polysubstance Other/unknown X Note. Table 5 has been adopted from Hasin et al. DSM Criteria for Trauma- and Stressor- related disorders These are symptoms associated with exposure to tragic events such as death or injury. va. gov (2018). DSM-5 Criteria for Disruptive, Impulse-Control and Conduct Disorders i. Oppositional defiant disorder Not exhibited ii. Intermittent Explosive Disorder Often exhibits verbal and physical aggression that is ignited from minor issues. However, this biological factor does not have an impact on their problems considering that White Americans tend to experience less discrimination when compared to their African-American counterparts especially on formal employment (Jencks & Phillips, 1998).
The main variable that seems to have had a major effect is the clients’ class/income. From the poor condition of the house, the dangerous neighborhood and the lack of proper care of the family’s mother, the clients are definitely poor and perhaps in the lowest economic class. Poverty can lead to chronic stress and depression in a person’s life which can lead to drug/alcohol abuse (Fitzpatrick, 2013). In Gordon’s case, education might also play a crucial role in his current problems. Bipolar disorders Both Gordon and Sweetness exhibit mood swings, self-harm, loss of interest, anger, apathy, and impulsivity especially on substance abuse which are some of the symptoms of bipolar. However, these only last for hours as depicted in the movie and their cognition appears to be normal hence the elimination of the disorder from the test (APA, 2013).
Further Questions i. Have you ever participated in social activities? ii. Would you wish to participate in social activities? iii. As it is revealed when Sweetness visits her school principal, she had no idea on what path to take despite being at the last stage of high school indicating a gap in her adolescent transition (Groark, 2011). References APA. Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition (DSM-5®). Washington, D. C. Santa Barbara, Calif. : Praeger. Hasin, D. , O’Brien, C. , Auriacombe, M. ajp. 12060782 Haymes, S. , De Haymes, M. , & Miller, R. The Routledge handbook of poverty in the United States. : ABDO Pub. Ptsd. va. gov. PTSD and DSM-5 - PTSD: National Center for PTSD. C. : McFarland & Co. Stein, D. , Friedman, M. , & Blanco, C.
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