Essay on Mind and Brain

Document Type:Essay

Subject Area:Philosophy

Document 1

Therefore, in this essay, I will identify the brain and the mind vis-a-viz their states and processes. For instance, the experience of having a mental image or seeing something is considered a brain process rather than being correlated with brain processes. Some identical theorists made a claim that brain states are actual mind states. Unlike other scholars, Place addressed the constitution instead of identity. According to Place, the table is an old packing case. In addition, lightning is considered to be an electric discharge. Greater logical objections are raised on the argument that “consciousness is a process in the brain” compared to the argument that “lightning is a motion of electric charges. ” Place was very unique in his arguments and way of analyzing events. He used logical just the same way it was used at Oxford rather than in how it ought to be used now. Another key objection to the claims of Place is that “sensation” is completely different from “brain process. ” He responded by arguing that “lightning” differs in meaning with the “motion of electric charges” and “this table is different in meaning from “this old packing case. ” The way we determine whether something is a table is different from the way we determine whether it’s an old packing case. To know whether something is lightening, we just need to look at it but a motion of electric charges is determined by the use of experiment or theory. However, this does not mean that a lightning cannot be an electric discharge while a table cannot be anything other than an old packing case.

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Smart and Feigl described the concepts in terms of the difference between reference and meaning. Brain process and mind process are different in terms of their reference and meaning. Philosophers have a tendency to assume that identity statements should be a priori truth and also necessary. Identity theorists, on the other hand, have an assumption that “mental processes are brain processes (Oakley, 2018). ” Aristotle also gave his argument in regards to the brain. He said that the brain was meant to cool the bleed. People may object to the idea that the dean of medical school properties is identical with the professor of anatomy properties. The question is if mental processes are identical with brain processes, are there properties of the mind that are not identical with the properties of the brain? The reality is that the properties of experiences are “topic-neutral.

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” “Topic neutral” are words which were used to characterize the words “because”, “and”, “if”, and “not. ” If the above words were used in a conversation, it became difficult to determine whether the conversation was one of geology, mathematics, theology, physics, or even history. The words “topic-neutral” were used by Smart in the narrower sense of the neutrality between dualism and physicalism. Place addressed the fallacy of thinking when individuals perceive something green and the green thing is perceived in the mind as “the phenomenological fallacy. ” The Phenomenological fallacy was characterized by Place as the mistake made when assuming that when he describes his experiences, how things smell, look, taste, and feel to him, he is explaining the literal properties of events and objects on a television screen or internal cinema. This is commonly referred to in the current literature of psychology as the phenomenal field (Mahy, Moses, & Pfeifer, 2014).

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The account of color of Smart was behaviorist and could never deal with the reversed spectrum problem. Smart, later, gave an objectivist and realist account of color. However, he failed to make the powers to be powers that are capable of producing ideas in the mind instead of making discriminations based on behavior. The view of Locke proposed that the ideas possess mysterious qualia which are clearly seen on the screen of an internal mental theatre. Some philosophers especially those who explain “is red” in terms of “seems red” are wrong. Back to the issue of colors (purple, yellow, and green striped) mental image or sense datum and in reality, there be no purple, yellow, and green striped thing that exists in the brain. According to the identity theorists, images and data are not real things.

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This was countered by Smart by emphasizing the term “typically. ” It is true so many things go on in humans when they have a yellow after image. For instance, the heart is pumping blood through the brain. They fail to typically go on them. However, they go on at different times too. Mind makes sense of the consciousness but the brain is just consciousness. References Harty, S. Sella, F. Kadosh, R. C. Oakley, D. A. Ed. Brain and mind. Routledge.

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