Essay on Thermal Pollution

Document Type:Research Paper

Subject Area:Ecology

Document 1

The provision of thermal pollution is facilitated by two major causes which are nuclear energy and fossil fuels Nuclear energy Nuclear energy is the energy produced by electric plants that are drivers of the power generation. Nuclear energy as a form of energy has mostly contributed to thermal pollution with the most stations of the nuclear plants having direct access to sources of water such as rivers or streams through which it uses for its plants. The nuclear energy, however, has less hazardous effects as compared to other sources of energy such as fossil energy. The pollution has been continuing for some time, and we undertake to assess the situation of its pollution on Mississippi river as well as on lake Stechlin. Thermal pollution of nuclear energy on the Mississippi River The Mississippi River provides a high source of water for industrial use by companies and industries situated along its way. The nuclear energy plants use high heating plants towards the generation of the electric power. The application of the thermal electric power plants acts as the major pollutants of freshwaters such as the Mississippi River. The power plants in the thermal electric stations need water for cooling down their machinery from the high number of electrical voltage released on the process of transfiguring the energy. The application of thermal electric power plants uses two main types of cooling systems that is the once-through and recirculation cooling systems. However, the once-through cooling systems apply in polluting the water as it rejects back into the river the water that was used to cool the system which is composed of high temperatures and thus leading to the increase in water temperatures around the region.

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The Mississippi River has been identified to be prominent towards the occurrence of thermal pollution especially caused by the nuclear energy generation plants along its large basin. Thermal Pollution of nuclear energy on Lake Stechlin The nuclear energy plants have not excluded or limited their cooling plants to rivers that have subsequent flows in attaining the moderate temperatures for those machines. Even for lakes, the plant has been effective in ensuring g the plants receive the necessary attention. According to Kirillin, et. al. The combustion of the fuels resonates to generating a lot of heat that end up being directed into the rivers or stream of water to regulate the plant operations. The continued application of fossil fuels has been a contributor to the thermal pollution along the water attraction areas.

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Thermal Pollution of fossil fuels on the Mississippi River Thermal pollution has been attributed to be one of the most influential or pollutants factors of the environment. The thermal pollution in concern with fossil fuels has stepped to cause pollution on the Mississippi River. According to Raptis, et. The reflection is that the acidic rain causes harm to flora and fauna limiting the advancement of the environment. The burning of fossil fuels also results in the warming of the earth and its environment. The continued warming of the environment and the atmosphere has led to global warming, (McGlade, & Paul, 2015). Looking at the aspects of global warming, it is evident to reflect how poisonous and harmful the combustion is as the climatic conditions get altered and result to prolonged winter or summer seasons.

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Global warming and air pollution are the main other factors of pollution caused by the fossil fuels burning. The heated fluid in those forms shows up the efficiency of the nuclear energy as compared to the use of fossil fuels. Transfer cost of nuclear energy The transfer cost of the nuclear has been associated with its speed and operation as compared to the fossil fuels. The reflection is that the nuclear power incurs more cost towards transferring it to the end user of the energy. According to Bretschger, & Lin, 2017, the estimated cost of building a nuclear power plant went up high than the estimated amount. The induction of this cost happens to resonate from the expected high machinery that could handle the high transfer rates and the high voltage of the power towards getting to the destination.

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Fossil fuels The fossil fuels on the other part are in a way an efficient source of energy although lags behind the induction of the nuclear energy. We assess the efficiency of fossil fuel in relation to the transfer rate as well as the improvement on fossil fuels. Low transfer rate of fossil fuels The fossil fuels exist in the manner of providing energy to the consumers at a lower rate of transfer. In comparison to nuclear energy, the fossil fuels constitute lower rates of transferring the energy from point one to the other across the channel. According to Tietenberg, & Lynne, 2016, the fossil fuel energy for example coal, requires well possess low transfer rate speeds given the capacity of the constructed equipment used in transferring the energy. Hydrobiologia 770. Raptis, Catherine E.

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M. T. H. Journal of hydrology 496 (2013): 47-56. Zhang, Xiaochun, and Ken Caldeira. Time scales and ratios of climate forcing due to thermal versus carbon dioxide emissions from fossil fuels. Geophysical Research Letters 42. Zhang, Xiaochun, Nathan P. and Richard A. Muller. Air pollution in China: Mapping of concentrations and sources. PloS one 10. e0135749. Tietenberg, Thomas H. and Lynne Lewis. Environmental and natural resource economics. Routledge, 2016. Bárány, Ambrus, and Dalia Grigonytė.

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