Gender Inequality at household Level from Marxist Feminist theories
Within the household levels, the issue of division of labor between men and women is not well defined. Essentially, an impression may be created that spouses can decide on how they can divide labor so that none of the couples can become overwhelmed. On the contrary, traditional and biological aspects have afforded women certain roles, an indication that it is quite difficult to make a decision regarding the roles that should be played. Besides, the issue of power within households is quite significant. Men may enjoy greater power, with the society vindicating them for exhibiting great machismo. d). Women As An Unpaid Laborer Karl Marx highlighted that the first step of liberating women from depending fully on men would be to allow them entry into the paid labor force.
The first wave of feminism highlighted by the “declaration of sentiments” by American women where they asked for the change of law was aimed at showcasing women as humans rather than women as men’s property, because the philosophers and Marxist feminists believe that private property causes dependency, therefore seeing women as private property causes dependency as well. The movement was important in that Marxist feminist believe that when people become aware of the situations that they are in, then they can join the revolution and fight for the much-needed changes (Esfahani, 2009). This liberation movement that ensued paved ways for women to access higher education. The study highlighted that women had insufficient time in comparison to their male counterparts for leisure and personal care (Pinto.
,Rotenberg, Almeida, Aquino 2018) that lead to consequent health issues in women who were found to have obesity issues while their male counterparts had overweight issues because of the same. The study highlighted that as much as so much has changed in the world where women can take part in the workforce, very little has changed in the domestic real where little redistribution of domestic responsibilities has occurred, making it quite challenging for women who have to adhere to personal demands that they have to meet at home, as well as demands that they need to fulfil at the workplace. All in all, the issue of women as unpaid laborers is brought about by social constructs that cause the discrimination and prejudices against the woman, which force women to take a secondary role from their men to such great extents that they fail to have sufficient time for themselves, and they become fully dependent on the man.
In this way, women are exploited by men, in that these men get to save trillions of dollars on labor that they would have otherwise paid for. Further, the ‘domestic monetary value is not calculated in the GDP’ (Nadasen,Williams N. d, p. 3 ) such that this work is perceived to be more trivial than it really is, yet the fact that domestic work needs to be done each day in comparison to other types of work where a day off can be taken, shows how important domestic labor is. But because this work is simply not recognized by the government or their employers, domestic laborers are treated as though they are the personal property of their employers. Similar to women who participate in domestic work in their household for their husbands and families, domestic workers are typically at the beck and call of their employers(Nadasen,Williams N.
Therefore the government ought to take a leading role of stopping the devaluation of domestic workers based on the findings of Grusky et al who assert that approximately ‘52 percent of Americans agree that it is the duty of the government to reduce the income differences that there are between the rich and the poor’ (Grusky, Kricheli-Katz, 2012, p. With that said, this difference between the rich and the poor that also touches on domestic workers who are in many instances underpaid, can be reduced when sensitive sections of the labor force are recognized as being important and integral to the smooth operations of the community. Exclusion Of Women From Work According to Rives et. Al even in advanced industrial nations women are seen to grasp a smaller share of the labor force.
Additionally, ‘the unemployment rates of these same women are higher than their male counterparts’ (Rives, Yousefi 1997, p. This highlights how women are evaluated differently from men for the same tasks that they perform at the workplace. An analysis of performance evaluation data by Sackett and colleagues highlighted that ‘women were systematically rated as performing less well than men after controls were placed for ability and experience’ (Welle,Heilman 2007, p. Additionally, research also revealed that people who maintained traditional stereotypes about men appraised their performance less accurately than the people who did not express the traditional stereotypes pinned to women. In a different light, the authors assert that some of the stereotypes that exist on both men and women have the ability to create different expectations for in-role and out-of-role job behaviors for both men and women.
For example, men who exhibit altruism are evaluated as being better at work and getting better job evaluations while women who do not exhibit altruism are penalized because they do not fulfill this expectation (Welle, Heilman, 2007, p. and Parshley, H. M. The second sex. Feminism vs Marxism. [Online]. com/feminist/philosophy/Introduction-to-Marxist-Feminism. html[Accessed 15 June 2018]. Grusky, D. and Kricheli-Katz, T. eds. (N. d). Valuing domestic work. Responding to violence, rethinking security: policy alternatives for building human security. Published by the Bernard center for research on women (volume 5). S. , and Aquino, E. M. Gender, time use and overweight and obesity in adults: Results of the Brazilian Longitudinal Study of Adult Health (ELSA-Brasil). PloS one, 13(3), p. Greenwood Publishing Group. Rives, J. M. and Yousefi, M.
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