Gender Relations on the Greco Roman world

Document Type:Research Paper

Subject Area:History

Document 1

The northern shore of the Mediterranean Sea established a setting for the development of 2 unique societies i. e. The Greek and the Roman Empire. History records that after some time, the Roman People absorbed the Greeks as part of the Roman Empire (Christian & Benjamin (2010)). Greek and Empire The Greeks settled in the Greek peninsula which is located on the southern shoreline. Their city was built on 7 hills along the Tiber River. Their location was 30 km from the sea shore. This helped them to avoid naval attacks from their neighbour’s. They still accessed the Mediterranean Sea by river. Ancient Romans practised farming of wheat, barley, oats, rye, grapes, and olives in their rich and fertile river valley. After 776 BCE, they assembled every 4 years for an inter-city competitive games held around the Mountain Olympus.

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There were at least four hundred colonies set up on the coast of the Mediterranean Sea. Greece used metal coins in the 7th century BCE to enable easier trade. The Greeks expanded by colonizing rather than by conquering its neighbour’s. Sparta and Athens were the strongest city-states in Greek during that period. The Persian Empire was considered the biggest and richest agrarian economy. Their strength enabled them to conquer and capture some Greek colonies. However, a war between the Athenians and the Persians led to a win for Athenians. After the defeat of the Persians, the Athenians enjoyed a precious age of cultural creativeness for over 150 years. Under the elected leaders, their democracy was at its peak. In 133 BCE, Rome further went on to conquer Greece, Egyptians, and the Middle East cities.

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There was great rivalry among its military commanders resulting from the republican form of governing by elites (Bietak (1997); Bentley & E. (2010); Christian & Benjamin (2010)). These led to competition for power with their armies. Julius Caesar (100 — 44 BCE) won the competition and became the leader. In 73 BCE, slaves attempted a rebellion against their masters and they were combated on several occasions by Roman armies with an estimate of 6000 survivor slaves. While the Greeks had concentrated on philosophy and scientific research, the Romans put their creativeness into roads transport, aqueducts for ferrying water, and law. In a unique way, the Roman Empire assisted to diversify Greek cultural norms. it is notable that the system of leadership in Athens and Rome all gave an opportunity to some male citizens to participate in government.

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Above all, we observe that the Greco-Roman civilization was an historical occurrence which underwent a projection of rise-and decline (Bietak (1997); Bentley & E. It shows how the simple arrangement of different stages of interrelating societies, in such a way as to view any stage as old and familiar procedures, yet frequently in a novel and outstanding correlation to one another. That is, we are in a position to give a definition with a certain level of surety the correlation of any period to another period, immediately or remotely, in addition to the correlation that exists among the various parts to the whole concept; it follows a step by step study of all of the connections underlying the study. It is noted that the Romans encountered a fall with the Greek and Macedonian people, when leadership was transferred to a generation of new people in the Greco-Roman world, as it did in a similar way at different stages of their development.

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The Romans represented a continuation with the history, since they had been transformed to Hellenism and their nation had been uniquely transformed, that is, if their leadership was simply a progression and further development of the super-state period. In as much as the Roman empire as a whole took many years to progress in its stages, it was mainly a slave economy in its evolution of which concentrated in the relation between agrarian revolution and industrial production which was simply the culmination of their research and leadership. Most convincing of all, was that the Greco-Roman world not only regulated their population growth, but it had a rising per capita income between 800 BC AD 200 (Fine (1985); Galignani (2008)). The economic advancements lifted the way of living of common citizens around the Mediterranean Sea shore.

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It is also important to note that, the outputs were not uniformly distributed, and the non-uniformity of ownership of property and distribution of income likely arose across the period steadily; but within every phase of the Greco-Roman world, most social set ups gained to some level (Strayer (2009)). Al through the Greco-Roman phases, structural continuity on most stages concurred with significant improvement on others. The degree of the economic growth was uniquely obscured by these developments: fluctuations experienced across the time periods, it could have been caused by turbulent levels of socio-economic advancement of the era in Greece and Republican Rome. In the Roman Empire, the governments were allowed to collect taxes (Christian & Benjamin (2010); Cumount (2008); Bentley & E. (2010); Bietak (1997)). Despite the fact that the Romans borrowed a lot of beliefs from the Greeks and made some additions to their existent deities, however it is notable that they didn’t change their specific beliefs especially those that were concerned with their gods and the household fireplace.

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