How Does Mental illness encourage criminal behavior
Out of ten prisoners, nine of them are likely to have a mental disorder (Seena et al. Some of the most common symptoms of prisons with mental disorder are worrying and sleeping (Seena et al. There is the likelihood of mental illness to affect the criminal behavior of a person. Despite this, it is important to avoid always associating people with mental illness with crimes. Many people think that one has to be mentally ill in order to commit a crime. Schizophrenia patients who take antipsychotic treatment have lower chances of being violent as compared to those that do not. Those patients that were diagnosed with conduct disorder during their childhood are usually exception of this. For a patient that has a psychiatric disorder, it is unlikely to medical treatment only to control their violence.
It is therefore important for control in external factors in such patients so as to control this violent behavior. Mental illness and violence Majority of the members of the public think that those with mental illness have higher chances of being involved in crimes than those that do not have. Also, other studies do not consider other factors that may lead to violent behavior such as poverty, personal adversity, stress or family history. These mistakes that are made in these studies were initially identified by MacArthur Violence Risk Assessment Study and it did this through the use of three sources of information so as to assess the rates of violence. Those that were carrying investigation, in this case, interviewed participants in more than one time so as to assess self-reported violence in a continuous manner.
The recollection of the participants was verified by checking factors such as family members, others who were familiar with the participants and also case managers. In this study, it was found that those that 31% of those who had both psychiatric disorder and also had substance abuse were at least involved in one criminal act in every year. It is clear that despite that person with mental disorder are likely to be involved in crimes; there are other factors that play a more positive role than this in increasing the number of crimes that one commits. Some of these factors that are more influencing than mental disorder include personal stressors, family factors, as well as socioeconomic factors with these including poverty together with homelessness.
Substance abuse is a major factor that contributes to this even then a mental disorder. It is therefore clear that what many people think of is totally different to the reality. Environmental factors are more influencing than mental disorder when it comes to rates in which people commit crimes. In addition to this, it was found that the existence of serious mental illness with this not being accompanied co-occurring of disorder caused by substance use, has no likelihood of increasing criminal behavior or recidivism (MacPhail et al. When this research is carried out in gender centered form, it is found that women in the justice system have higher rates of serious mental illness than men but with lower rates of antisocial personality disorder (MacPhail et al.
It is well known that a lot of time is used by police in dealing with people who have a mental disorder. Despite this, the majority of the interactions of people with a mental disorder with police usually involve activities that are not a crime in nature. In these interactions, these people may be seeking for assistance in times of crisis or there may not be any action that can be considered criminal. Conclusion There is a lot of research that has been carried out concerning this issue. The findings of the different researchers are similar even after them being based on different backgrounds. Majority of the people with mental disorder are not prone to crimes as many members if the general population think.
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