Impact of industrial revolution on cotton technology

Document Type:Research Paper

Subject Area:History

Document 1

Industrialization has brought many effects to our society today both positive and negative effects. Though various individuals around the globe contributed to the industrialization, my research will focus mainly on Eli Whitney’s contribution to the process. Eli Whitney was born on December 8, 1765 in Westborough and a U. S. citizen by birth. Eli Whitney served a sense of patriotism when he promised to manufacture ten thousand rifles which could serve for war purposes. Therefore the choice was to be made between quality and quantity and most factory workers chose quantity. [: impact of cotton industry:] Most of the urban settings came in place thanks to the advanced industrialization and major revolution. The industrial process became more rigid because of various manufacturing and production methods that changed their ways rather than becoming more convenient.

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For instance, initially before the invention of cotton gin by Eli Whitney, separating the cotton fibers from its seeds was so difficult, labor intensive and an unprofitable venture. Some parts of America did not receive the idea of using slave to be the best way and especially the Northern America opposed the move and it led America to a civil war and it was termed that slave importation and ownership was dehumanizing. The slavery issue was much on the Southern part. Instead of finding a lasting solution to this problem between the two state it resolved into a war. Due to high dependant on slavery the southern gained more economic and financial power especially those that owned the farms. There’s no question the impact by cotton technology on industrialization was that it brought about child abuse and child labor.

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This is mainly due to the abundant inflow of labor into the cities that brought about urbanization. Industrialization also made better the lives of people as individuals were able to work in the industries and earn more cash that enabled them improve their living standards. This led to emergence of the middle class thus helping to bridge the gap between the richest and the poorest. Industrialization came along with numerous positive impacts on the way people live and many instances it simplified the way people lived. But the negative implications cannot be ignored. It’s clear that the amount of casualties would have been much less without the more advanced weapons from industrialization. The condition of work in the factories was so dirty and dangerous for individuals who worked there.

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Those people that owned the factories often treated their workers harshly and strictly disciplined them. Workers were generally underpaid and overworked. Due to these poor working conditions, the life expectancy of those workers was limited and became so short. Emergence of the cities brought about the urban society which along with its benefits had numerous problems such as rising living standards among the people. Availability of wages to the poor city workers brought about social classes since they were paid in various wage schemes, and as a result different classes such as the middle class receive different services from the working class. These services included education and healthcare. Industrialization also brought to various changes in the urban life since most of the European cities were used as center of government, culture and large scale commerce.

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They have also been associated with overcrowding, dirt and unhealthy environment and living conditions. This posed unhealthy conditions since the toilet facilities were inadequate and primitive which when filled up would flow down the unpaved streets. In some parts of the country the outhouse toilets were shared up to 200 people who made them to fill up faster and since they were inadequately emptied the sewers also overflowed and seeped even into the basement dwellings. Family and gender roles were also affected as a result of industrialization, with consolidation caused by industrialization the growing middle class created a distinctive middle class lifestyle which set them off from peasant, workers and aristocrats. New idea about family set up and gender role and child up bringing expressed middle class norms and values in ways that would have profound impact to families’ life in centuries to come.

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These changes affected both men and women in a varying degree in all social classes. if the lady was married before thirty years and was able to live with the husband until the fifty then they could have a chance of giving birth of up to six children or even more. Most women also died during the child bearing since back then there had been insufficient technology and also limited knowledge of medicine. There was increased number of elementary schools throughout Europe due to the emergence of the industries since most of the parents were spending more time in working away from their children. Even though the industrial revolution brought about tremendous production of goods, creation of massive wealth it also brought about with it so many effect to the social life and environmental effect as well.

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