Is there any different between China and European Countries on human rights

Document Type:Thesis

Subject Area:Sociology

Document 1

The sole role of the human right bodies is to protect human beings from unfair treatment and oppression. Some of the activities that undermine human rights include slavery, human trafficking, forced labor and discrimination (Porsdam 13). The international community has concerns regarding the human rights status in China. China’s opinions on human rights differ significantly with those that European countries support as a result of the differences in the political and social structures existing in the two civilizations (Aradau, Huysmans, & Squire 948). During several international summits of the United Nations Human Rights Commission, European countries table resolutions that go against China’s opinions on the subject of human rights. Concisely, there exist significant differences between China and European nations concerning human rights. The rights of citizens in a country improve stepwise as the communities within the state undergo local development. Consequently, countries have different levels of successes in development spheres since they follow varying strategies in their plans for growth (Aradau, Huysmans, & Squire 950). Majorly, developing countries have challenges in meeting the human rights standards set by already developed nations since the developing countries have less financial capability to facilitate the successful implementation of the human rights for all individuals (Nash798). Moreover, the differences in culture of different countries and civilizations make it difficult for all nations to follow the same framework of upholding human rights. Besides, various states face different challenges in the enforcement of human rights and they come up with solutions that fit their specific case and therefore generalizing such solutions for use by every country would make the process of improving human rights enforcement difficult (Porsdam 15).

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Mainly, the progress in amending human rights laws in any specific state has to follow the primary interests of the people of the nation, which in many cases differ with those from other countries as a result of factors including different political frameworks, culture, and economy. The Relationship between China and the European Union The interrelationship between China and European Union has massive influence from the positions of the two civilizations concerning the human rights issue which is the source of significant differences between them (Nash 800). China’s successful development and increasing political influence in the world has a substantial impact on Europe’s identity since China’s success comes despite them following a different human rights framework which does not comply with the international approach on democracy and liberalized markets set by the Western civilizations.

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The People’s Republic of China is coming up with different strategies in its development initiatives which make the already existing superpowers nations concerned about the success that China is achieving (Brier 106). Moreover, the fact that China uses differing techniques from those of the European countries in implementing human rights initiates the debate of whether the democracy that the Western civilizations want developing countries to embrace is as effective as they make it seem to look (Bigo et al. Mostly, the European countries prefer to make all the doctrines about human rights that they believe in to become universal truths that all nations should embrace while there exists no comprehensive agreement amongst all members of the United Nations (Porsdam 16). Mostly, the uniform laws that developed countries impose on underdeveloped nations seem to stagnate their advancement in the essential spheres of national growth.

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Besides, the Western civilizations aim at curbing the growth of developing countries since they fear the rate at which the developing nations advance. Mainly, the long-term effects of the global human rights are not probable (Bigo et al. The Chinese assert that the West does not acknowledge the steps that China makes in improving its economy, and they insist that China’s civilization becomes increasingly worse in all aspects. The Chinese conservatisms state that the underlying reason for the criticism of its position on human rights is the fact that China supports socialism while the West supports capitalism (Bigo et al. Moreover, based on the communism, China’s political policies do not follow democracy which the Western countries spearhead its adoption in a majority of the countries in the world. In their defense, the Chinese assert that the Westerners attempts to enforce democracy in all nations are not appropriate and undermine the sovereignty of the independent countries (Aradau, Huysmans, & Squire 951).

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Besides, China states its interest in borrowing essential aspects from other countries Human Rights Approach in European Countries The European countries’ ideology based on finding international support for the policies and institution that they support aiming to make the institutions strong and hence result in a stable and peaceful global community (Nash 799). Moreover, according to the European framework for the implementation of the international human rights regime, people’s civil and political rights have precedence over economic and societal rights (Nash 802). However, upcoming civilizations including China usually do not agree with the European approach since they value the economic and social reasons more than the political and civil privileges. In Europe, states guarantee human rights protection for individuals who have full citizenship to the specific member states of the European Union (Aradau, Huysmans, & Squire 945).

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The native members get preference compared to citizens from non-member states whose rights have slight restrictions. The rights of citizenship granted to individuals living and conducting business within the European Union exist in the form of unrestricted movement into and out of any of the member states (Porsdam 15). Human Rights Implementation in China The Chinese believe that their success emanates from the upholding of their native culture. They relate the uniqueness of a countries culture to its ability to achieve great success in the international scene (Brier 112). However, the aspect of China referring to itself as a developing nation hurt by the activities of the Western civilizations and seeking to revert the effects caused by the international interference in their internal affairs. The Chinese leaders believe that the adequate tackling of sensitive areas including human rights can come once the country attains some level of prosperity and it can meet the demands of a more substantial part of its population (Porsdam 16).

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Recent development in China’s relationship with the international community is its opening up to participate in the global humanity laws regime, and it joined in signing several international agreements and accepted the terms of the existing human rights organizations including the United Nations. Besides, China condemns the European Union’s tendency of shaming the nation states that do not support the West’s proposed global framework for implementing human rights. The Chinese conservatisms insist that the approach of naming the countries that embrace different ideologies and condemning them achieves more rebellion instead of cooperating with the international community (Aradau, Huysmans, & Squire 955). The initiative that China took to open up and partner with other countries was a step that has a positive impact on China’s human rights regime implementation. Fundamentally, the recent developments saw the Chinese leadership replacing their priority in the responsibility of the native Chinese residents to their government with the priority in economic growth of the nation which benefits a majority of the citizens instead of always taking resources from them (Bigo et al.

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The new improvements give the government the responsibility of ensuring the prosperity of its economic status and thereby ascertaining that every Chinese citizen has access to basic human needs including food and clothing. Moreover, they accuse the Europeans of using their beliefs on human rights as the ultimate criteria for measuring the human welfare in other countries including China. Besides, China is making efforts in improving their human rights policies by carrying out discussions with other countries including the European Union to cultivate understanding and hence result in the states working together in matters concerning development (Porsdam 19). Fundamentally, China asserts that the objective for working hard to achieve improvement of universal human rights and fundamental freedoms in all countries should be the same but not necessarily meaning that all states should follow the human rights beliefs practiced in one nation.

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Mainly, China argues that individual nations with varying historical and cultural backgrounds ought to have the freedom to embrace different strategies in their efforts to achieve the fundamental human freedoms (Porsdam 20). In their defense, the Chinese highlight that the Chinese culture gives utmost importance to the connection of a person to the community and that the person has the responsibility to the society hence there is the need for the creation of harmony between personal entitlement rights and societal rights (Aradau, Huysmans, & Squire 958). Concisely, it is utterly inappropriate to take the humanity criterion embraced by one country and make it universally enforceable to all nations. Works Cited Aradau, Claudia. Jef Huysmans. Vicki Squire. “Acts of European Citizenship: A Political Sociology of Mobility. pp. www. feelingeurope. eu/Pages/EU%20counter%20terrorism%20responses.

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pdf. No. pp. doi: 10. Porsdam, Helle. From Civil to Human Rights: Dialogues on Law and Humanities in the United States and Europe, Northampton: Edward Elgar Publishing Limited, 2009, gpreview.

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