Multiculturalism in Australia

Document Type:Research Paper

Subject Area:History

Document 1

It was mainly in the era that black American and other minorities. Started identifying themselves outside of the assimilation culture that was synonymous with colonization. It was the period when Latin Americans, African-Americans and other ethnic groups explored their history. This text will examine the specific example of Australia. Besides, certain parts of the text will contain comparisons of multiculturalism in Australia and other European nations. The countries ratio of the racial system changed from homogeneousness and particular racial composition. Beside immigrants also got a fair chance at jobs. Instead of being given privilege for being white, people of all races and ethnicities were judged similarly based on their skills or lack thereof. In official termed the white Australia policy was scrapped in 1973 thus opening up Australia to multiculturalism.

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The Australian ideas of multiculturalism, unlike in other European nations are not based on Assimilation policies. By looking into critical critics of 21st-century multiculturalism, it is plain to see some significant factors affecting multiculturalist’s ideas (Kimball, 2007). Firstly, the perception that a certain community is a threat. It is the fact the most significant and strongest reason for the patterns of change recorded globally. It is evidenced by research that shows people are being less accepting of individuals they seem to think they are competing against. For this reason, the current state of the economy or the threat of a declining one may threaten multiculturalism. It is, in fact, a higher percentage than the expected national average (Levey, and Moses 2009). Besides, the human rights report in Australia has noted with concern the rise in anti-Muslim policies and social feelings that negatively label Muslims in most Australian communities.

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Besides the current changes in perception to multicultural ideologies, Australian multiculturalism is still very well articulated and not in any way compromised. In fact, according to the scullion foundation, 85%of Australians encouraged immigration to the country. Besides, they inherently believe that multiculturalist ideas are still a strong hole and asset in the country’s economic success. However, 5 % do not have an opinion. Notably, the researchers state that term is no distinct way of figuring out the exact support for diversity. It is because, in areas where there is a high in ethnic relation, there is certainly different complexity involved. Interestingly the Sloan foundation research also noted that there was a significant decline in the number of Australian citizens that trusted the government policies.

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Additionally, there has been a lower number of participation from minority groups that feel they do not want to further fuel the current situation. Besides, there is a higher Muslim percentage in Australia than in other European nations. As a result of the ethnic diversity if Australia they enjoy a number of advantages, for instance, the exposure to exotic food and fashion allowing Australia to better associate with its neighboring countries socially and economically. Although the one nations policy was reestablished a there are still significant traces of racism, as a result, Australia is still among the topmost rated well-integrated multicultural nations (Clyne, M, and Jupp, 2011). Besides, I believe that the idea basing the strength of multiculturalism on state policies is very misleading because, if the country’s citizens do not agree to these policies there will be hostility between government and the citizens.

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