New Interventions and Old Practices in HIM
6 Results…………………………. 18 Discussion……………………. 20 Limitations, Conclusions and Areas of Future Research……………………………………20 References……………………………………. 22 List of Figures Figure 1…………………………………………………………………………………………. 11 Figure 2…………………………………………………………………………………………. However, despite the complexity of the current HIM system, the important factor will be to consider the welfare of the patient. Thus, any positive or negative review which will be presented in this report will entirely focus on the usefulness of the old and the current HIM systems based on how they benefit the patient. The information and findings from this research will help hospitals when making decisions about their patients and how they can provide quality care. Introduction The Health Information Management is a sector which is vital to almost all of the functions of a hospital. This system comprises of accurate and timely data while also integrating the use of technology in healthcare.
Nevertheless, the use of technology in medical facilities serves more complex purposes than what was mentioned. Technology ensures that medical records are stored while also being updated regularly, physicians share information about patients with their colleagues from different hospitals if necessary, and health researchers can find information, publish their work or even share the information using these technological devices. These methods have been instrumental in the field of medicine. Rather than use technology for just storing data and other information, physicians and other medical professions can now access a vast source of information on new treatment options which all rely on evidence-based practices. Technology has been purposed in the healthcare system for more complex process apart from the mundane record keeping.
Thus, the findings and data obtained came from the most recent peer-reviewed articles from reputable journals. This measure was to ensure that any information used in this report was authentic and credible since the information could be verified using several reputable sources. This entire verification process was to guarantee that any finding from the study could be backed by evidence and facts. The purpose of this research was to assess the transition from the old methods to the newer ones when it came to health information management. The evolution of this system has faced both positive and negative reviews based on various factors. Prior to this study, records of patients had to be stored manually and when these records were needed, the staff had to comb through numerous files to find the specific record.
Nevertheless, as Wig reports, computerized systems offer a better solution to this problem. Records can be safely stored and the retrieval process is much easier due to indexed searching. Moreover, the researcher proposed another system in the healthcare sector where hospitals not only use computers to store the data of their patients but also integrating this data with multiple processes in the hospital so that any treatment option for a patient can be semi-automated. This research is essential to this report since it shows the inception point of HIM and how technology has been instrumental in changing the current SOP (Standard of Procedure) in the medical sector. Therefore, healthcare providers were to benefit from the proposed system and also the quality of care and patient safety was guaranteed.
Gary Palgon (2017) wrote an article on the history of health information management. In the article, he defines the HIM system as a platform where all of the patient’s records are integrated with multiple systems from different hospitals to ensure that the diagnosis, treatment, and other hospital procedures are carried out effectively. In the text, Plagon declares that the current HIM system not only improves the quality of care, but also enhances patient safety. Thus, the HIM system benefits the primary target who is the patient while also improving the business operations of the hospital. From this point, most patient records were stored in paper form. This system was culpable to destruction from fire and other rodents. In addition, the same storage system did not have an automated procedure for searching files.
Thus, when a patient subsequently visits a medical facility, his or her records could be lost in the clutter. However from the 1960s the introduction of computerized file storage systems altered this trend. The figure below shows how a clinic or any other medical facility can carry out the necessary steps which can effectively implement a functional HIM system. Figure 1: Procedures for implementing a comprehensive HIM system in a hospital (AHIMA Physician Practice Council, 2010). This figure shows how an HIM system can be effectively implemented in any medical center. The authors of the article declared that systematic or gradual implementation of the system is not a practical option since medical records can be confused or even lost. Thus, the best approach is to completely dismantle the older system and switch it with a new one.
Figure 2: A simplified process of the electronic process and communication in HIM (Lavin, Harper & Barr, 2015). This model shows how the EHR is efficient in not only diagnosing patients in a short time but also in how it enhances the communication system. Thus, the advancements made in the HIM systems are practical and they benefit the hospitals. However, despite these advantages, 70% of the nurses declared that the entire electronic system was too complex and without the proper training, a nurse or any other healthcare facilitator can have a difficult time with the device. The research report by the two authors proposed that sufficient training needs to be carried out so that the medical personnel can learn how to correctly and effectively use the devices involved with the HIM system.
Currently, such records are protected by sophisticated software and only the most skilled computer hacker can access them. The ministry of health for North Sydney, Australia (2012) published an article which expounds on the protocols and regulations involving healthcare records. From the article, it is evident that the administration of country upholds the necessity of maintaining medical records. The article release from the governmental organization not only declares that the destruction or loss of any patient record is illegal but it also states that the same records are private and only the primary care physician or the patient can access them. This information also promotes the use of HIM but under strict oversight to ensure that there is no illegal access of any information.
In addition, the report presented privacy issues in regard to the patient’s medical history which were not addressed. “Practice-Based Population Health: Information Technology to Support Transformation to Proactive Primary Care” is an article written by Cusack et al. This article provides compelling information on how health information management systems can be vital towards the improvement of public health in the United States of America. The authors indicate that keeping updated records of patients can help in curbing chronic diseases such as diabetes and also help in the rehabilitation of addicts. Once the health department has specific information on patients with similar ailments, the department can contact these individuals and direct them to areas where they can receive medical care or therapeutic guidance.
This section is often the last resort when it comes to chronic illnesses and very few survive. Thus, the document insists that with a sufficient HIM system where hospitals and other medical centers openly share clinical records, the public health department can have an updated record of every patient in the country who are likely to suffer from chronic illness. This information can help in tracking down the individuals and ensuring that the patients are involved inhabits which promotes their health. Also, the same records can be used to identify the close relatives to these individuals so that they can be taught on preventive measures which will improve their chances of developing the same chronic disease that destroyed the livelihood of their kin.
Results The findings from the 15 research articles indicated that the old practices of HIM greatly varied with the current interventions using the same system. 87) divided by the average standard deviation which is 4. Therefore the effect size is 3. This value indicates that the use of the health information management system has a tremendous effect on the health outcomes of patients. The figure below indicates how this graph will appear. The dotted curve represents the outcome of a medical facility which applies the HIM system. Future research on the same topic should involve actual visits to the areas of study. In addition, the research topic should be diversified so that the impact of health information management can be understood from the perspective of the various diseases which are affecting the earth’s population.
This research will ensure that people become aware about their health and hospitals can freely share medical information about the prevalence of certain diseases to their colleagues as well as to medical researchers. These measures will make scientists establish an advantage over some of the deadliest diseases since they will have the necessary information for manufacturing a cure or a vaccine. This paper expounded on the issues and it established a baseline on whether the old procedures on HIM are better or worse when compared to the new interventions while using HIM. Bates, M. , Black, C. , Blair, F. , Davis, L. , Ingram, S. D. , Kronstadt, J. L. , Singer, R. F. A. , Mami, M. I. , Oweghoro, B. M. The History of Heath Information Management – From Then to Now.
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