Odelia Nutritional assessment

Document Type:Research Paper

Subject Area:History

Document 1

The towering height of the pyramids denotes the sacredness of the pharaoh in the ancient Egyptian nation. The construction of pyramids began during the early ages of the Old Kingdom, and came to an abrupt end towards the late stages of the Ptolemaic era. Egypt experienced the pyramid construction boom from the sunset tenure of the third dynasty until sometime in the sixth dynasty. It is now more than 4000 years since the first pyramids were built, but these structures still maintain a special place in modern history. The purpose of these pyramids was to bury the pharaohs and their queens. The kings’ maintained their majesty even upon death; it was believed that after their deaths, they transitioned into Osiris, the god of the dead.

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The new Pharaoh would be installed as the protector of the sun-god known as Ra. He would assume the name Horus meaning, the falcon-god. Every time a king died, a pyramid was constructed to act as his tomb. Purposes of Pyramids Ancient Egyptians believed in the pharaoh’s sacredness. These royal tombs were carved into rooks and had flat-roofed rectangular structures called mastabas (Romer, 2017). These mastabas are believed to be the structures that inspired the constructions of pyramids by the future generations. The oldest known mastabas was constructed for King Djoser who was the ruler of the third dynasty. The techniques for building pyramids improved through time, different generations devised new methods for improving the quality and the structures of pyramids.

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Since the primary purpose pyramids was to bury the departed kings, the constructors were always ready to fine their skills that would ensure that the kings are given the descent send-off. The recent archaeological studies have suggested that there is enough evidence to prove that the Great Pyramid of Giza was constructed by thousands of highly skilled workers who were paid salaries or benefited from tax exemptions. The skilled workers used to live around the pyramids and only moved out when the construction had been exhausted. A cemetery was discovered near the pyramid showing that workers camped there for many years and those who died before the completion of the construction were buried in the cemetery. There is also some evidence to prove that the Middle Kingdom of Amenemhat II was built by foreigners from Canaan.

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Therefore, it is appropriate to conclude some of the workers were hired due to their highly specialized skills. Since most of the work was manually done by workers, it remains a mystery how huge stones were moved to the construction sites. There is an illustration on the Twelfth Dynasty tomb called Djehutihotep showing 172 men working on an alabaster to pull a sledge. Although historians have never arrived at a consensus regarding the method used to lift the stones and other huge materials, it is suspect that ancient Egyptians might have had superior weight lifting technologies to simplify their work. Characteristics of Pyramids There are various characteristics that define the Egyptian pyramids. For instance, the earlier built structures have different features from the ones that were built later.

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