Piagets Stage of Cognitive Development

Document Type:Essay

Subject Area:Computer Science

Document 1

This theory is also based on the idea that while we interact, we also adapted to our environment. Furthermore, as we continue our journey through life, we will use those experiences that we have gone through and adjust as we grow into our new experiences. Looking further into the Jean Piaget Theory, he acknowledged that adaptation occurred in two phases: Accommodation and Assimilation. When birth occurs, Piaget relished that infants are helpless and have no knowledge about anything except sneezing, swallowing and sucking (page 10). Assimilation comes into play after this phase because Piaget believed that these few reflexes were already taught at birth or before. During this stage, children are capable of doing more complex tasks than the Sensorimotor Stage (Page 129).

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Additionally, they develop a tendency to experience egocentrism. (Page 83) The third stage is known as the Concrete Operation Stage. It occurs between seven years and eleven years. In the course of this stage, they are able to comprehend the ideas of other people and perform some logical operations like solving puzzles. Basically, toys are said to stimulate creativity and detailing skills among the young children (Padve). Children do not use one toy several times and for this reason, the toys change from one stage to the other (Benson). As a child grows, toys which used to be very interesting do not attract them at all since they lose interest in something as they develop interest in another. In the Cognitive Development Theory, Piaget states that the first two years mark the state of the stage whereby children react to reflexes.

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Children at this stage will like to have object permanence. This is the reason I still remember my crawl and pop turtle which I pulled a long as it made some sounds. Its color was very attractive and I loved to dismantle it and join it all over again. As the children operate these toys, they will be able to address the psychomotor developments highlighted in this developmental stage. The second stage which lasts from two to seven years is called the Preoperational Stage. The developmental stage occurs in children between two and seven years. This activity will help the child to abandon the permanence developed at this stage. In my childhood, this was part of my favorite toy games since we used to play with the whole family.

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The toy game helped me to develop a since of cooperation and sharing among others. This is an appropriate toy at this stage since it improves the abandon the egocentricity developed at this stage as they develop towards the next stage and offer a great cognitive development too. The third stage is the concrete operational stage which occurs between the ages of seven years and lasts up to 11 years old. It entails moving a metal ball along some tracks which also improves hand eye coordination. The toys offer the challenges needed in this stage for solid cognitive development. The top level of development according to Piaget is the formal operational stage. Formal operations begin at the age of twelve years old and develops in to the young adulthood and beyond.

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A child at this stage has an increased ability to think reasonably with organized ideas (Rathus et al. The toys offer a great challenge and provides concepts which are very helpful to children at this stage on acquisition of abstract concepts. The Rubik’s cube was one of the most challenging toy for me at the age of thirteen years. The cube requires you to have every color on every side within the fewest moves. The cube was a really challenging task and at first, I could not have the color on any side. Eventually, I managed to develop abstract reasoning and concentration until I managed to arrange the color in less than twenty moves. These toys and activities have been digitalized to applications which can be downloaded as well and played on computers and mobile phones.

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