Prevention programs for STDs

Document Type:Thesis

Subject Area:Health Care

Document 1

These programs are implemented to encourage the protection of individuals and community in general against spreading the infection. At first, programs for HIV prevention primarily focused much on behavior change especially sexual behavior since it was believed to be the only way HIV was spread through. In number of years the approach of ABC- “Abstence, Being Faithful usage of Condom” was used in the aim of preventing the spread of the infection of HIV and Aids in the response of growing population of people living with STD. By the year 2000, the issue became much more evident for the effective prevention of HIV spreading and the prevention of the disease had to take the need into account to prevent depopulation. This was more effective by underlying the social-cultural, political economic as well as other factors which are contextual.

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Package belonging to the people who do drug injection need to feature a comprehensive reduction of harmful services which include the Syringe and needle interventions. The approach of the Combination prevention of HIV epidemic comprises of many series for the exercise which help in categorization of the epidemic. This majorly involved at the looking the factors which are within the population commonly known as the key population effects. This commonly involve looking at the modes of transmission of HIV, the key population effects as well as the key epidemiological trends. Just before making a decision which HIV preventive intervention package for specific HIV epidemic there is a need of a clear and an evidence – which is informed of the epidemic of STDs amongst inmates.

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• The testing of HIV infection guidance and counselling of the inmates • The medical circumcision of male boys. • The delivery of the antiretroviral therapy (ART) • The pre-exposure therapy of prevention of the inmates Structural The intervention structures of the STD prevention are meant to focus much on the alteration of the political, social and the economic factors which are the key factors in increasing the vulnerability of an individual to the infection of. STDs. The structural programs are tailored for the local context. These programs, mostly address the discrimination and stigma towards those living with STD. Understanding and identifying the structural factors which increases the chances of HIV prevalence. Analyzing the legal, the economic, the cultural as well as the social drivers of the prevalence of HIV is very important.

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For example, the gender inequality or the punitive laws. After the completion of ‘knowing your epidemic, planning process, knowing your response the package of the combined efforts of the preventive measures of the spread of STDs we can ensure the coordination of the behavioral , the biomedical and the structural programs for the STDs prevention and ensuring its final implementation in the society. Lesson learned STDs-related infections in prison need to be screened and being available to measure a variety of diseases. Institution-based programs Institution based programs for the control of diseases are designed to reach personal as well as small groups having an aim of reinforcing and teaching protective behaviors. These programs are also intended to give people the opportunity of acquiring the information about the risks HIV, interacting with the community members to fix the good behaviors that do not encourage sexual intercourse.

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Enhancing the prevention of mother-to-child HIV transmission It is a good way to enlighten the community about the prevention of the infant from being infected by a HIV positive mother. Women who are infected with HIV always do take medication during the time of pregnancy to prevent and reduce the risk of passing the virus to the unborn child. The new babies are required to receive some medication for the first 5-7 weeks after birth. " International journal of STD & AIDS 14. Wiehe, Sarah E. , et al. "Epidemiology of Sexually Transmitted Infections among Offenders Following Arrest or Incarceration. " American Journal of Public Health, vol. , et al. "An Outbreak of Syphilis in Alabama Prisons: Correctional Health Policy and Communicable Disease Control. " American Journal of Public Health, vol.

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