Relationship Between Gender and Depression

Document Type:Annotated Bibliography

Subject Area:Psychology

Document 1

To prepare this annotated bibliography, the author searched for a variety of peer reviewed articles. The threshold was in the association of mental illnesses, preferably depression and gender. With the understanding of gender being interpreted differently, this annotated bibliography contains variations from masculinity to personalities associated with gender, as well as the biological components. Qualitative Research: Afifi, M. Gender Differences in Mental Health. This can be a biased process as the literature selected is likely to be inclined to the hypothesis. However, the author makes significant analyses and deductions from the data to come up with accurate findings. This study indirectly proposes that whereas other research suggests that women are more prone to depression, it could be so because men develop alternative disorders.

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This affirms gender association with depression. The author also points out at the limitation of accessing data which is specific to the Arab world from where the study is situated. She investigates response to stress based on biological components, self-concept and individual coping styles. This study established that women go through certain stressors frequently compared to men making them more vulnerable to depression. This study is primarily based on other studies which could introduce a bias. The author is more likely to have sought data which was in line with their hypothesis. However, she brings out credible arguments especially on the component of biological composition of women as being a cause of vulnerability to depression.  H. Gender differences in depression: the role of personality factors.

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Psychiatry Research, 126(2), 135-142. doi:10. 1016/j. The other four personalities were prevalent in women. The personality factors were then linked to depression and there was a positive correlation with neuroticism. This study presents yet another interesting angle by observing gender differences from a personality angle. It is however arguable that personality is affected by several other factors other than gender such as upbringing and previous experiences. Based on this study therefore, it would be correct to assert that the more neurotic an individual is the more likely they are to be depressed, irrespective of gender since this study has drawn a positive correlation between the two. com/depression/exploring-gender-difference-depression James Nazroo explores how gender difference affects depression. His study is based on the literature background which suggests that women are more likely to be depressed than men.

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He also throws in another finding which posits that the level of depression is always higher during reproductive ages. This study engaged 97 couples from an inner city in Britain. All these couples shared 115 crisis experiences which consisted of at least one major life crisis. The other applicability is in formulating a tool to establish the crisis an individual has been exposed to in order to determine a common thread among the participants. Mixed Research: Wong, Y.  J. , Ho, M.  R. There was however a variation of the extent of influence based on the specific masculine norms. The norms included in the study included power over women, primacy of work, self-reliance and playboy. Out of the four norms only one, primacy o work, was not directly linked to poor mental health.

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