Revictimization of human trafficking

Document Type:Thesis

Subject Area:Law

Document 1

According Gallagher (2002) human trafficking has been intensified by the traffickers taking advantage of the victims economic background as well as fear. It should be noted that the victims of human trafficking fail to open up the problems that they undergo because they fear the threats perpetrated by the traffickers. Moreover, most of the people who are trafficked are illegal immigrants and therefore they fear that if they open up, legal measures can be taken against them. Having the definition of human trafficking, it is clear that, the casualties of human trafficking are adversely traumatized by all the processes that they go through. This paper focuses of the answering discussing the topic that victims of human trafficking have a possibility of being trafficked again in their life time.

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As a result of the latter, many victims become vulnerable from being victimized gain and again. However, it is good to note that there are a small proportion of victims who cooperates and therefore provides all the relevant information that helps the law enforcement officers to track those people who are involved in the human trade. In this regard therefore, many countries have made a lot of effort to track the human traffickers and have also implemented punitive measures against them. But the question that we should ask ourselves is, does punishing the traffickers prevent the victims from being re-victimized? According to Hopper (2017), tracking and punishing the human traffickers have been doing more harm than good. After, undergoing the punishment, if in any case they come across the trafficked victims again, Hopper asserts that, they victimize them more and more again.

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Secondly, after the victims have been identified, they should be referred to the psychiatric experts. Coetzee (2017) asserts, the main reason why there is perpetual victimization of commercial sexual workers is because, even after being saved from the hands of the human traffickers, they are not emotionally treated. In the process, they might find themselves vulnerable again and again without them being aware that they are going to the trap again. It should be noted that, most of the victims of human trafficking suffer from Post Traumatic Stress disorder which can only be handled appropriately by the psychological experts. Coetzee (2017) also claims that, taking human trafficking victims to the experts is always not enough. Throughout the paper, the review had been on the question; do the victims of human trafficking have a possibility of being re-victimized? The various studies that I have reviewed support the research question that the victims of the human trafficking are re- Victimized because of various reasons.

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However, just as Aehle & Drager (2010) and Coetzee (2017) asserts, it is possible to prevent the victims of human trafficking from being re- victimized. Moreover, the research articles reviewed have all converged on the perception that it is not enough just to punish the human trafficking criminals. In fact they have all agreed that, punishing the trafficking criminals does not help the trafficked casualties in any way. One of the weaknesses of this review is that, it has been conducted on the assumption that, the victims of the human trafficking are adults who have either gone to other countries illegally or due to economic problems which make them compromised into sexual work. Coetzee, J. , Gray, G. E. , & Jewkes, R. Prevalence and patterns of victimization and polyvictimization among female sex workers in Soweto, a South African township: a cross-sectional, respondent-driven sampling study.

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