The Effects of Climate Change and Globalization on Health and Well being
This has an effect on their immune system. People who have preexisting health conditions as well as children and the elderly are the most susceptible to health challenges brought about by climate change. The regions that are mostly affected by these phenomena are the developing countries because of the fewer resources that they have to allow them adapt geographically, financially, socially, and technologically. These countries face a lot of stress which affect their sensitivity and exposure as well as their adapting capacity. The purpose of this essay will be to discuss the climate change and globalization context in conjunction with the health challenges that it causes to people all over the world. Some of the areas where unsafe levels have been reached are the loss of biodiversity, circulation of bioactive compounds of nitrogen, and changes in global climate.
Such changes threaten the health and well-being of human beings. These climatic changes that are induced by human beings tend to act together with the demographic, social, and environmental stressors which have an influence on food yields, food, and nutrition (Labonté, Mohindra, and Schrecker, 2011). In addition, the present level of interdependence and connectedness in the globe had widened the geographic range of the environmental impact human activities have had on the globe. The recent financial crisis in the globe has led to an underscoring of the national economies interdependence. What makes the matter worse is that there is a significant gap that exists in the society and the way people understand the effects of climate change on health. Another problem is that some of the developing counties lack surveillance systems that are related to health.
They also do not have enough experience when it comes to data management. This make it hard for such countries to cope with the impact that globalization and climate change have on health (Machalaba, Romanelli, Stoett, Baum, Bouley Daszak, and Karesh, 2015). In addition lack of enough public health infrastructure and limited health resources make it difficult for these countries to make the appropriate response to and manage the effects that climatic variations have on the health of the populations living in those countries. It has also been derived from climatic events like the Elnino. However, the largest number of health risks arises from the influence of the climate on social conditions and environmental systems which have an effect on water supply, food yield, the integrity of both man-made and natural protection that exists against natural disasters, and the stability of patterns of infectious diseases (Wu, Lu, Zhou, Chen, and Xu, 2016).
The other health impacts result from the consequences of social disruption, conflict situations, and community displacement. There are also indirect effects of changes in climate that are influenced by sociodemographic pressures and global change that act together with changes in climate. The nutritional status is influenced by food yields. In the arctic regions, climate change may cause people to change their diets as animals, both marine and land, migrate. This may also occur due to access to traditional sources of food becoming more difficult. There are possible effects of changes in climate on health conditions that have been modelled with plausible projections of the future patterns of climatic variations, and these are internationally agreed upon. For instance, in the temperate regions, as the heat waves during summer gain severity because of the high temperatures that are experienced during summer, modeling shows that from about the middle of the century, there will be more deaths related to heat that will outdo the number of deaths that have been averted because of the winters that are milder.
These estimates are likely to improve as the climate variability modelling improves, and as people studying climate take better accounts of the way populations adapt to changes in climate over time (Seppänen, and Begum, 2016). For the adaptive strategies to be higher, there has to be collaboration between research disciplines, communities, and the various governmental sectors. People who live in low-grade houses are prone to deaths due to heat waves when they occur. The effect of the heat waves is also pronounced on the elderly and people suffering from cardiorespiratory diseases. These risks could be lowered through early warning on the heat waves, living in houses that are well insulated, education from the givers of primary care, and schemes of community healthcare for people who are more vulnerable to these effects.
A long lasting plan is required to abate the impacts of climatic variations (Hajat et al, 2014). These strategies will include, but will not be limited to equipping healthcare institutions and taking part in the assessment of health impacts at the national level and in planning between sectors of energy systems that are sustainable. In addition, the health sector has the role of educating the populations on how to deal with the various health conditions that may be brought about by changes in climate (McMicahel, 2013). For instance, in areas where the cold climate brings about many mosquitoes that are likely to cause mosquito-related infections, it is the role of the healthcare sector to teach the populations living in such areas how to check the spread of mosquitoes and provide them with the necessary equipment to be able to do so.
Conclusion The rapid globalization in the world today has brought with it new influences that are large scale on the patterns of the health of human beings. A number of changes on a global scale, which include such things as environmental, social, economic, and demographic changes, have been linked to an increase in the prevalence of changes in food yields in different regions, obesity, the erupting of infectious diseases, the persistence of differences in health, and the spread of the smoking of cigarettes among people. , Bellamy, R. , Friel, S. , Groce, N. , Johnson, A. , Kett, M. E. , Dodgen, D. , Eisen, R. J. , Fann, N. E. Global health in the 21st century: the globalization of disease and wellness. Routledge. Hajat, S. , Vardoulakis, S.
and Hilderink, H. The health impacts of globalisation: a conceptual framework. PMC, [online] 1(14). Available at: https://www. ncbi. and Schrecker, T. The Growing Impact of Globalization for Health and Public Health Practice. Annual Review of Public Health, 32(1), pp. Lee, K. Globalisation: what is it and how does it affect health?. , Bouley, T. A. , Daszak, P. and Karesh, W. B. J. Climate change and human health: risks and responses. Geneva, World Health Organization. http://public. eblib. M. Climate change and human health. Journal of Shaheed Suhrawardy Medical College, 8(1), pp. Seppänen, M. and Begum, S. Trtanj, J. , Jantarasami, L. , Brunkard, J. , Collier, T. , Jacobs, J. , Adger, W. N. , Agnolucci, P. , Blackstock, J. , Byass, P. , Lu, Y. , Zhou, S. , Chen, L. and Xu, B.
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