What Is End Of Life Care And Is the Service Improving In the UK
The end of life care providers will find the information in this paper more useful to improve their services and make them more acceptable to the people than it is currently. Academicians will use the findings of this research to improve on the available literature and advance the knowledge already available. End of life care clients will understand the potential benefits of the programme and the need to enrol the programme. it will provide a more in-depth analysis of the programme. The government will be able to evaluate on the need of having the programme and its potential benefits to the citizens. This right has a limitation in that the people involved have to make a decision benefiting the person rather than letting him make a decision that could harm him or her.
Autonomy gives people the right to choose the way in which they would love to be treated during this time. in most circumstance; people do not receive the care that they prefer. Thus the autonomy in decision making raises ethical issues surrounding the end of life care. Physicians Role To and Doctors Responsibilities Physicians have a duty to explain to the patient the possible advanced treatment that a person can undergo to prolong his life. The ethical question that would arise in this situation is it right to keep on prolonging life at the expense of healthy people who are suffering to raise the money to afford the services. Balancing between care and futile treatment People can choose to prolong life.
However, the effects of prolonging life are much worse. Technology can be used to make people live longer than expected however the quality of life is not guaranteed. Some instances prolonging life could make a person suffer much more than expected. The term generally refers to the care provided by the physicians, families, and friends to those persons that are considered to be in their last days. Palliative care offers specialized treatment to people whose illness is no longer considered curable (Chochinov). The main aim of the end of life care is to provide comfort and care so as to enable the people suffering from such illness to l in a peaceful manner. The patients are made to live according to their preferences.
While under this type of treatment they are able to receive psychological, nursing, medical and spiritual care. palliative care helps patients make important decisions that will affect their lives directly. The incurable diseases cause pain and suffering both for the patient, family and close friends. Saunders describes the pain as the total sum of the patient’s physical, psychological, social and spiritual pain. Optimal pain relief will not be possible unless all the elements of total pain are addressed (Rome). palliative care aims to treat all the factors that cause pain with the aim of eliminating the pain caused by the illness. Data in this type of research is usually collected using interviews and focus groups. The method can be formal or informal.
Differences between Qualitative and Quantitative Research 1) The type of knowledge is quantitative is subjective while that in qualitative is objective 2) The aim of the qualitative approach is exploratory and observational while in quantitative the aim is generalizable and testing. 3) Sampling in qualitative is purposeful while in quantitative it is random. 4) The method of data collection in qualitative can be structured or semi-structured while the method of data collection in quantitative has to be structured. Open-ended questions give room for the subject to elaborate on the topic while closed-end questions require a simple answer yes or no or having scales of measure. Questionnaires have a number of advantages that include; one can collect a large amount of data from a large target population, can be carried out by the researcher or a limited number of people and will not affect the reliability of the data and when data has been quantified can be used as a means of comparison.
They also present a number of challenges that include; there is no way to access hoe truthful the respondent has been, questions are bound to be interpreted differently depending on the respondent and there is a level of researcher imposition in deciding what is important and what is not in inclusion in the questionnaire. Observations Observation entails the researcher visiting the target population and living among them to note the activities of the target population. The researcher identifies his target population travels to their area of residence and stays with them for a given duration observing and recording the data required. A table of frequency can be prepared as the one below. Type of work Number of children Teacher 50 Doctor 30 Vendor 90 Frequency tables can later be used to generate graph sand can be translated into visual presentations to represent the findings.
Proportions can be obtained from the above data by dividing each frequency by the total number. Percentages can be obtained by multiplying each proportion by 100. proportions and percentages make I easy to understand and interpret the data obtained. In addition, data correlation is adopted to analyse the relationship between the different variables adopted for the study. To expound further data correlation technique is a method that is used to establish the dependence of two variables to each other. The relationship established does not always imply a causal relationship just because the two variables have some sort of relationship. Data correlation is given by the coefficient of correlation denoted by r and ranges from +1 to -1. When the correlation coefficient is -1 it means that the two sets of variables are negatively correlated that is the variables have the same percentage movement but in the different direction, whereas at +1 the two sets of variables are perfectly positively correlated and their percentages move together in a completely linear manner.
A good study has to be both valid and reliable. Validity ensures that the results obtained can be used to come up with the same findings hence ensuring consistency in research. Identify Sources Of Support Whilst Conducting A Research Project. Family Family members are there to support you during the time of research. They will provide you with the emotional support that you require to do the research during hard times. The government can support by providing security to the researcher to enable him to operate efficiently without the risk of losing the life. A Detailed Plan for a Research Project For one to carry out a research then a detailed plan is required to ensure that the research is done in a systematic manner without omission of crucial steps that might affect the overall outcome of the plan.
as a researcher one needs to identify a problem in the society that he could wish to research on. The researcher should brainstorm on the topic of choice before embarking fully on the project. The topic of choice needs to the one that the researcher has the great interest in. Data should be collected using the best suitable methods and those that are convenient for the researcher. The researcher can carry out interviews, use questionnaires or observations. After the collection of the data, this is when the researcher needs to do an in-depth analysis of the data gathered from the field and present the data. Research Methods for the Project 1. Research Design The research will deploy a descriptive approach than an explanatory approach.
The first one is that the researcher will collect all the completed responses within a short period of time. In case the respondents have any doubts they are to ask for clarification from the researcher. The respondents in this study are to be randomly selected. Analysis of data 1. Response rate The target population for this study was families supported by life care located in the UK. A majority of 55 acclaimed that indeed the platform had changed their lives so it was essential to have the program. Conclusion The study established that there were perceived notions that End of Life Care had a positive impact on families affected. They ascertained that the programme was considered beneficial to families who had their members facing life-threatening illness.
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