Adventures of Huckleberry Finn by Mark Twain Analysis

Document Type:Essay

Subject Area:English

Document 1

One of the books that raised eyebrows on the way it discusses blacks and whites in America is the Adventures of Huckleberry Finn by Mark Twain. Ever since the publication of the Adventures Huckleberry Finn by Mark Twain, it has gone down to be one of the most discussed books in the American literature. This book is highly discussed in American literature because of its popularity among the Americans. The Adventures Huckleberry Finn has remained popular among Americans of all types but many continue to find different ways of being offended by it. The book has been explained as everything from being anti-southern to anti-black. It has also been called trash to the national treasure. In deed, few books can generate plenty of conflicting interpretations like the “Adventures of Huckleberry Finn by Mark Twain. ” Given the conflicting interpretation of the book, this essay will discuss Twain's the book Adventures of Huckleberry Finn and its effects to the reader using the "psychological Dependency" theory. To begin with, psychological dependence refers to a form of emotional-motivational withdrawal signs like state of unease, dissatisfaction, anxiety, and decline in capacity to experience pleasure. Before the release of the book Adventures of Huckleberry Finn, America was at the climax of racism. This makes racism one of the major themes in the book. The impact of the America’s Civil War and Reconstruction period provided guidance to Twain in engaging the reader with the issue of racism. One of the landmark events during the Civil war was Emancipation Proclamation by Abraham Lincoln.

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This is clearly highlighted in the documentary Enslavement to emancipation. From the documentary, it is clear that the proclamation made by Lincoln freed African-Americans from slavery in many southern states. This marked the defeat of the African-American slavery that was in existence in many states. After the end of slavery, the following period was the Reconstruction period. This period provided African-Americans with lawful rights and the ability to vote as well as stand for political office. From the documentary, it is clear that this did not go down well with many people. The progressive ideals that were being promoted were met with repressive violence. The statement demonstrates his approval for the Reconstruction’s progressive ideals. Twain book was mainly centered on racism as he felt whites were not superior to the blacks.

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As a result, the main aim of his book The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn was to critique the American society as well as making the reader understand the evils of the society. It is clear that many characters in the book are white slaveholders such as Miss Watson, the Grangerford family, and the Phelps family whereas others are indirect beneficiaries of slavery like Duke and the King who are depicted turning on Watson’s slave Jim in exchange of money. From the book, it is clear that slaveholders greatly benefited from African-American slavery because they oppressed, exploited, physically and mentally abused slaves. As demonstrated in the book, the whites vented their anger and disbelief that they would not access free labor from blacks by being violent towards them. The book uses violence to show the injustices of slavery.

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From the begging of the book, there is continuous abuse towards Huck from Pap until the end with Emmiline Grangerfords (Mark). The violent sections in the book depict America as full of hypocrisy and stupidity by forming groups to oppress the blacks. Many characters in the book are motivated by greed and violence. For example, Jim is isolated and discriminated by his father. Based on the psychological dependency theory, the book The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn has great impact to the reader. One of the effects is making the reader develop sympathy on the American society. As the events of the book unfold, the reader becomes increasingly sympathetic. This is because the book portrays a morally evil society. Many people who have read the book believe that the author being against racism in the American should not have used the term nigger to refer to the blacks.

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Nigger is a racial word that has caused mixed reactions from different readers of the book. As a result, the reader would believe that the author of the book was a racist. From the above discussion, it is clear that the book Adventures of Huckleberry Finn by Mark Twain, tries to expose the evil that existed in the American society during its publication. Some of the evils that existed were racism and slavery that led to violence and conflict especially during the Reconstruction period. com/watch?v=eFwG7jAeyrU.

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