Criminology In The Future
Criminals will always be trying to find “loopholes” in the laws that we have today. For our justice system to keep up, they will also need to keep up with the new technology we have today to protect every citizen. With new technology available in the criminal justice field, one of the most important aspects that law officials need to keep in mind is following the rules of law such as the “liberties” of Americans. The Relationship between Evolving Technology and International Policymaking The Bill of Rights grants “Civil Liberties” to every American that include the freedom of speech, due process, the 1st Amendment right, freedom of religion and the right to assemble. Other Amendments such as the 5th Amendment will protect Americans from self-incrimination, due process, right to a fair trial and seizure of property.
The list can go on and on; these crimes are all ethical violations (Phillips, 2013). The Future of Criminology The future of crime fighting will need to be mindful of individual rights and the most critical issues when crime policies are being set in place for the future is the safety of all law-abiding citizens. One of the most significant social issues of the future will be the Internet along with how it will fit into crime and policies. The future will have many new advances in technology and with these new advances laws will need to be up kept to meet these new crimes all while not violating the rights of individuals (Pepinsky 76). Some of the methods to assist in crime fighting are Biometrics, fingerprints, facial recognition, iris scan, voice recognition, spyware, video surveillance, audio bugging and web bugs.
Gunshot detection systems can detect the full range of gunfire, can cover a large geographic area and detect the precise location of a shooter. Wearable video cameras are becoming a common device for police because they can be attached anywhere on an officer, can capture interactions between officers and civilians. The cameras have already helped many cases level the playing field in allegations of abuse and controversy (Easttom, 2010). GPS and GIS systems can provide accurate location findings in settings for officers. The system is excellent for delivering real-time crime mapping. Drones or “UAVs” have been used for surveillance in support missions such as kidnappings, rescue operations, and drug interdictions. A drone in police work is like having 20 officers on patrol. With the use of drones in law enforcement situations like a hostage negotiation, bomb investigations, missing persons, and criminal surveillance can be much more controlled.
Drones can help police locate items or even create maps that could assist them in any situation and prevent officers and officials from being hurt and even killed. The use of drones can help law enforcement but of course, precautions should be taken such as obtaining warrants for their use and weaponized drones should not be tolerated. The evolvement of technology has provided many benefits for our law enforcement agencies as well as for the safety of the citizens. The technology evolved not only comes with many benefits but also have many people questioning what it means to be an American and what the future will hold for all of us. Criminology in the future sure will not be the same type of criminology that we face on a daily basis today, we do not know what criminology will evolve into in the future, and many criminologists have yet to figure out and may not be able to (Schram, 2013).
The Evolution of Crime Fighting and Its Implications Social implications for the future will not only affect crime, but it will and is already transforming the society. DNA testing, criminal data bases, and cameras can and do change the way in which an individual perceives the benefits and or disadvantages. Spyware is another biometric crime method. Identity theft is on the rise. Spyware is malicious software printed and hidden. This, in turn, could prompt you to buy something while you’re online as it steals your identity where it will be used for criminal use. There is a lot of competition in the field of organized crime. DNA advisory formed under a Federal mandate called the Identification Act of 1994 stating that the goals here are to establish a quality standard practice for forensic DNA analysis (Schram, 2013).
Efficient and strict guidelines and standards have been established that require commitment and resources. Ethical Violations A great technology widely used, still being scrutinized for its ethical and civil violations is called Biometrics. Of all biometrics used, Comparison and Collections of DNA are more widely used and also brings with it the argument that an individual’s rights of privacy still brings cause for concern. DNA databases do not only hold criminal but also contain citizens DNA obtained through by being suspect or by other means necessary. Because criminals get caught and already have a new scam when they are found, the war on criminal activity has to become just as smart as the criminal to get the heads up, be one step ahead.
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