Essay on Holocaust

Document Type:Thesis

Subject Area:History

Document 1

9 million ethnic Poles and 150,000 disabled persons (Bartrop, Paul and Michael, 2017). This paper aims to discuss on whether Adolph Hitler was the ultimate cause of the Holocaust. Although Adolph Hitler cannot have played the role solely, it is unacceptable to say that he did not participate in the Holocaust. This paper covers the various issues together with Hitler in their role in the Holocaust in conjunction with how the Holocaust happened. Holocaust can be attributed to gain, deference to authority, antisemitism, Adolph Hitler and the political situation in Germany after World War I. Jews fled for Germany at the end of 19th century because of the pogroms in Eastern Europe leading to xenophobia in Germany. In relation to Plato’s Allegory of the Cave, how could the Jews see anything but the shadows if they were never allowed to move their heads?” (Plato and Francis, 1977).

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In Germany, they were seen as evil hence the formation of anti-Semitic parties. Wilhem Marr coined the term, antisemitism in his pamphlet, The Victory of Judaism over Germandom. The pamphlet argued that the Jews would eventually corrupt German standards, dominate businesses and later takeover the leadership of German. This form of government witnessed the falling of the German economy and rising unemployment that occurred in the early 1920s. This was followed by the collapsing of the German banking system that fueled the hatred against Jews because it was believed that they were the source of such happenings. During the economic, depression the Nazi party gained popularity and had antisemitism as an integral part of their party. In 1923, Adolf Hitler was arrested for attempting to overthrow the government.

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In prison he wrote the book Mein Krampf in which he expressed notions on expansion of territory and future of Germany as a racially pure state which involved the wiping out of European Jews. The Germans justified such actions with arguments that Jews are war profiteers and hoarders, agitators and they posed danger to internal security. The Germans are such a bunch of apple-eaters (Salinger, 1953).  According to The Stanley Milgram Experiment, ordinary people follow the orders given to them from a person of higher authority regardless of what it is, for example killing of an innocent human being. Upon the official liquidation of European Jewry, the National Socialist government came up with concentration camps that were primarily used for detention and elimination of enemies.

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The early concentration camps consisted of Socialists, Gypsies, Jehovah’s Witnesses, German communists and homosexuals. Several Germans were also enclosed in the camps, many of them being those who had served in the military, government or held civil positions that allowed them forming conspiracies against the Nazi. Facilitating Nazi’s “final solution”, killing centers were established in Poland where the largest population of Jews was available. The first killing center was established in Chelmno and it enclosed Jews and Roma who were gassed in mobile gas vans. A year later in 1942, Nazi started Belzec, Sobibor and Treblinka for the purpose of murdering Jews who occupied the territory in the interior of Poland. Upon entry into the killing centre, prisoners were categorized according to health, strength, gender and age.

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